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Table of contents

Regardless of the tools used, person s conducting the assessment must have a firm understanding of ASD in order for the results to be valid. The information below will help you think about what characteristics will adversely affect assessment results and any modifications needed. Youth with ASD may not perform well on standardized assessments. It is, therefore, important to consider using other, more natural methods of evaluation and assessment, such as observation Schall, Many youth with ASD have unique skills that are not necessarily obvious during a traditional assessment process.

Identification of these skills often occur through careful observation, interviews with those who know the person well e. When tested, some areas of ability may be normal, while others may be especially weak. For example, a youth with ASD may do well on the parts of the test that measure visual skills but earn low scores on the language subtests.

It is important to have a test that is sensitive enough to reflect these scattered abilities. Youth with ASD tend to have difficulty imagining themselves in different situations, which affects their response to test questions that ask them to do so Attwood, ; Siegel, Many vocational interest inventories and tests ask individuals to imagine themselves in situations and respond to questions about those situations. If a student with ASD is not able to imagine himself in such situations, the responses he gives to that test must be viewed cautiously.

In general, youth with ASD respond poorly to changes in their routine. If they experience a testing situation as a change in their routine, they will probably not perform at their highest abilities. They may refuse to do anything for the examiner in this situation. This frequently leads to evaluators reporting that an individual with ASD is uncooperative or unable to be tested.

They should be observed in their every day setting to assess the true presence of the skill and abilities. Youth with ASD may not perform a task, even one that they can do well, unless they are prompted in the same way that they have always been prompted. A skill may be missed, if the examiner has not used the exact words that the teacher does when asking the student to perform a task.

Youth with ASD tend to focus on irrelevant stimuli instead of on relevant aspects of stimulus. Janzen, ; Scott et al. Because of this, they frequently do not know the salient cues in a situation and have difficulty generalizing skills. Challenges in communication is one of the four major characteristics of ASD. Youth with ASD may have difficulty understanding and responding to questions or test items.

Youth with ASD may not perform optimally in a test situation due to reaction to sensory input related to lighting, room temperature, crowding, etc. Youth with ASD often have unusual motivators. The completion of tasks, sensory-based material or activities, special interests, or the pace of an activity may motivate them.

Social reinforcement and other typical reinforcement may be of little interest to youth with ASD. The assessment process may involve new people, tasks, and places, and with limited time for the youth to become familiar with the different aspects of the assessment.

Our Services

All of these can be confusing or anxiety provoking for youth with ASD. Some elements that will help to optimize the results of the assessment process include:. Effective planning requires a coordinated effort between the student, the family the school and school-based services, as well as with outside agencies that the youth with ASD is currently involved with or might be needed in the future.

A team of people with different knowledge and skills can most effectively develop and coordinate an IEP and a transition plan for a student with ASD.

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  • Guiding Our Children Through Transitions: High School!

Members of the transition planning team, may include:. Does my student with ASD need to be involved in his transition planning? Student involvement is a primary component of successful transition planning. This requires student involvement as an active, respected participant and preferably as a team leader Wehman, Not only does research demonstrate that student involvement in transition planning is a best practice, but IDEA The law makes it clear that the student is the most important member of the team.

Effective transition planning provides the opportunity for youth to learn about themselves and plan for their future. In other words, the law requires that student input into the IEP must be obtained even if students choose not to, or are unable to attend the meeting. Before the meeting, students should be coached and taught the skills they will need to participate in or lead their transition IEP meetings.

With support and direct instruction, students with ASD can become aware of their strengths and needs, learn to advocate for themselves, and learn to set and evaluate goals. Over time, students can and should learn to lead their own IEP meetings; it empowers them to be self-determined. According to Wandry and Repetto , there are four basic transition skills that students with disabilities should have that will help them be active participants in their transition planning process. Online Resources under two sections: Student Involvement and Instruction Material.

More extensive information and links to practical resources to help students develop the skills to become involved in their own transition planning and transition IEP is given in Unit 3. What participation is needed by other agencies? This means a representative from any agency a student may use while in high school or beyond should be invited and encouraged to attend IEP transition planning meetings as soon as possible. Locating, obtaining, and financing needed services for youth with ASD requires navigating complicated public and private service systems. Transition planning should help students and families connect with the adult service system.

Bringing everyone to the table and defining roles and responsibilities are important for establishing a continuum of support and a successful transition. Each organization that is invited to the meeting can explain the process to their agency services and its eligibility criteria, as well as initiate coordinated service. If organization representatives are unable to attend meetings, the school must find alternative ways of involving them in transition planning.

Adult service providers need to be involved long before the student graduates. Several authors advocate for beginning interagency representation in the IEP by the age of 16 e. Currently, this is a challenging process. As a result, there is duplication of efforts, inefficient use or limited resources and less successful outcomes for school leavers. This would define roles and responsibilities of the participating State agencies.

How is person-centered planning related to transition planning? Some authors suggest that person-centered planning PCP is the foundation for transition planning for youth with ASD e. Person-centered planning , also known as personal futures planning or student focused planning , is a team process in which a person with a disability and his chosen support network meet and discuss their vision for a positive future.

This plan then acts as a guide for all future actions and choices. In the context of transition planning, the person-centered plan allows the team to personalize and prioritize goals and objectives in the students transition IEP so that they reflect a course of action that will be personally satisfying for the student. While each method of student-centered planning has unique elements, overall, the methods have the following characteristics in common: Person-centered planning uses a facilitator to bring together the student and a group of people who know the student best.

This group can include family members, friends, neighbors, school personnel, etc. The planning should constitute its own meeting as opposed to being one part of an IEP meeting. The emphasis in the meeting is on empowerment of and primary direction from the individual for whom the planning is being conducted. In order for person centered planning to achieve its mission, the focus person must participate fully in the process.

Grade Levels

It is imperative that the student is heard, regardless of the severity of his disability. What is included in the transition IEP plan? Educators are most familiar with IEPs that address services to be provided to the student during one school year. It starts with the ultimate, long-term goal s and identifies the annual goals and services to accomplish the long-term goal s. Writing postsecondary goals can be challenging for educators who are unfamiliar with what needs to be included. Extensive information on transition services can be found through the links in Appendix 1A , such as Transition Services.

Educators need a way to document essential information about each student beyond the information contained in a cumulative folder, such as transition skills learned, job shadowing experiences, paid job experiences, volunteer activities, attendance at job or college fairs, participation in recreation and leisure activities both in school and in the community, and other experiences a student has during their years in school to prepare them for the transition to adult life.

Student Program for Academic & Athletic Transitioning

This information can be recorded as part of the transition portfolio. It is intended to be a practical tool for documenting the efforts of the student, his family, teachers, and other service providers to ensure a smooth transition to post-school opportunities and services. The use of transition portfolios for students in 5thth grades is recommended to encourage and support student self-advocacy and self-awareness, while illustrating a student's skills, education, experiences, and their desired outcome.

A student or guardian can share or give permission for the school to share his portfolio, when he is being referred to an adult agency and documentation is required for eligibility and plan development. The portfolio contains everything the service provider needs. The student can also use the portfolio to help obtain employment and to assist in getting needed accommodations in various employment and educational settings. Finally, the portfolio provides a tool for accountability and can help parents to understand what is being done in school to prepare their child for adulthood.

Some high schools offer a Transition Class or have a Life Skills classroom, in which transition portfolios can be developed and kept. Activities at the elementary and middle school levels may be initiated in the resource room. A variety of topics and number of sections can be included in a transition portfolio. The portfolio should be tailored to the individual needs of each child and assist the student as he moves toward adulthood. A three-ring binder, manila folder or electronic folder can be used.

Information may include the personal information sheet, transition planning worksheets, student questionnaires, and parent inventories. Suggested items would include career interest and skills inventories, sample resumes, letters of recommendation, summaries of job shadows and work experiences, career clusters worksheets, and vocational program observation forms.

Could include the agency planning chart and copies of correspondence with agency representatives and any plan that has been developed through an agency. Could include skill inventories and documentation of social activities that involve the student. Includes Self Folio introduced in Unit 3. Includes information related to home, school or community recreation and leisure activities, such as skill inventories, interest worksheets, and documentation of activities. Includes information that the student would like to save that does not naturally fit in any of the listed categories.

Although the incidence of ASD has increased dramatically since this was written, the characteristics have not changed. This fact sheet provides information on symptoms of autism, how someone can be diagnosed, treatments, research, links to useful websites and much more. This guide explains how to evaluate and determine eligibility of individuals who are suspected to have an Autism Spectrum Disorder ASD. It is in the process of being updated. This site provides information and research about ASD. This site offers modules about Recognizing Autism. This site requires you to login to gain access to the modules.

High School Advice

Sign up is free. This site provides information and resources about transition. This document provides a transition standards checklist and other secondary transition resources. This site provides information and tools necessary in creating a comprehensive and individualized transition process.

This site provides links to many publications about transition such as:. This document is designed to provide a quick reference to regulations, comments, and discussions related to secondary transition. This site provides the definition of "Transition services" and links to useful articles and publications. It includes a thorough section on transition. This booklet includes information about the various roles in transition and how different members of transition teams may participate in the transition process.

This site offers an entire suite on Transition to Adulthood, which includes nine separate webpages. This site provides information and training on transition planning, the adult service system, and strategies that prepare youth for successful employment, postsecondary education, and independent living outcomes.

This site offers a searchable database of transition tips and resources. Search, browse, or add your own tip to the tips database. Tips are available in the major areas of transition planning and are submitted by practitioners describing transition practices and resources they have found helpful.

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  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / ASD Transition Toolkit Unit 1.

This page provides a quick description of transition. This page provides a description of IEP transition goals and examples. Training Modules for the Transition to Adult Living: The site also offers three training modules for service providers, administrators, and families. This is a comprehensive guide to ASD and transition. Test University of North Carolina at Charlotte and. This presentation shows the steps in self-directed IEP process.

Life Journey Through Autism: This publication provides an overview of the transition-to-adulthood process. This toolkit assists youth in strengthening some of the fundamental skills essential for successfully managing their own PAS: This toolkit is a guide to assist families on the journey from adolescence to adulthood. This site offers information on transitioning to adulthood, transition planning, supported living, person centered planning, and more. These are comprehensive guides for parents and professionals on the process of transition to adulthood for individuals with autism spectrum disorders ASD.

This is a fact sheet about age appropriate transition assessment. This presentation is about tools for assessing students with severe cognitive disabilities. This toolkit provides an overview of assessment accommodations and modifications for students with disabilities. This survey addresses those areas identified for transition planning and assists the IEP team in making decisions, including post secondary education, vocational training, integrated employment, continuing and adult education, adult services, independent living skills, and community participation.

Parents rank the areas of need. This is a comprehensive site on transition assessment. This tool assists Transition IEP teams to identify postsecondary goals, relevant skills and experiences that will lead to the achievement of those goals, the students present levels of performance within environments that they find meaningful, and accommodations and supports that are currently successful for the student.

This resource for transition assessment is found in the section on secondary transition. This is a fact sheet on student involvement in the IEP process. It includes video clips, activities and additional resources that can help prepare a high school student with a disability for college. This site provides a description of the Circle of Support.

This page booklet is designed for people with developmental disabilities, their families and friends, case managers, service providers, and advocates. It includes an introduction to Personal Futures Planning, ideas for finding capacities, building a network, and steps in the planning process. Davis, Indiana Institute on Disability and Community. This page discusses the use of 3 tools for helping individuals with ASD: Organization for Autism Research: The article also includes questions and answers.

This page provides an overview of Person Centered Planning, with a significant number of online resources. This document is written for parents and provides an overview of Person-Centered Planning, including action steps, young adult participation in the process, and developing natural supports.

There are numerous links to additional resources. This site provides an overview of the person-centered planning process, a self-study course covering the basic processes involved, a quiz section, a compendium of readings and activities, and a variety of links and downloadable resources. The Course 5 Series: This workbook is designed to help students, their families, and professionals to plan for life after high school. It uses a person-centered approach to identify student strengths and uses a problem-solving approach to develop a plan of action and a vision for the future.

This guide provides comprehensive information on the transition IEP. This page focuses on postsecondary goals and provides links to other resources. This site provides an overview of transition services and types of services. This site offers training material for the Indicator 13 Checklist. This guide provides guidelines and sample teaching strategies for special and general education teachers to start the transition process.

This site provides an example of a student transition portfolio. It talks about transitioning, postsecondary, employment, housing, financing and more. This is a transition manual for students. It is also available in Spanish. A Guide to Planning Your Future. This workbook is intended to help students with disabilities plan their postschool futures. The activities in this guide will help students make good decisions that affect their entry into adult life. Among other resources, you'll find 16 online learning modules focused on various aspects of life after high school.

An audio version is available scroll down to find this title. This site provides a 12 chapter curriculum on the transition process for individuals with developmental disabilities. The A Life 4 Me is an online community for middle school aged individuals with disabilities who are planning to graduate from high school without a standard diploma to share things they are good at, find out more about the things they really like to do, and think about the things that are really important to them.

This site provides online training modules on best practices in secondary transition and transition assessment along with other topics. Link from this page to this workbook, which helps students, their families, and professionals plan for a student's life after high school, using a person-centered approach to identify student strengths.

It facilitates a problem-solving approach to develop a plan of action and a vision for the future. A team of youth leaders with disabilities developed this transition toolkit. This is a student handbook for transition planning. It is about a young adult with Asperger's Syndrome. A 17 year old woman talks about her experience as a person with ASD. Harry Fellowes, goes on a talk show to inform people how to recognize when someone might have Asperger's syndrome. This public service announcement offers a refreshingly positive and optimistic view about life with autism. It was written and performed by adults with ASD.

What Is Personal Futures Planning? Wagner answers the question: To log on first create a free user account. OrPTI conducts an annual conference, Building Futures, for youth with disabilities and anyone who has an interest in supporting youth with disabilities as they transition from school to life. During the year it also offers some transition related workshops on topics like "Are We There Yet?

Grossman, Idaho Training Clearinghouse. This site offers a variety of PowerPoint training modules on topics, such as effective transition planning, course of study, coordinated set of activities, and summary of performance. This page provides a description of adult services. This site provides a directory of county agencies for CDDP. This is a guide to adult support services in Oregon. This site describes the services offered by Developmental Disabilities. Many libraries, including the ones below, have books and other material on youth with ASD and transition to loan. Below is a list of books and videos on youth with ASD and transition that can be borrowed from the sources indicated.

Check with your library for additional titles. Refers to the many agencies and programs that are provided to adults with specific needs such as disability, health, and income. An equal opportunity, civil rights law to protect any person who has an impairment that substantially limits major life activities. A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction that adversely affects a child's educational performance.


The presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interests. Delays with onset occur prior to age three. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on developmental level and chronological age of the individual.

Coordinated Set of Activities. Assessments that look at individual needs and interests in all current and in some cases, future environments. Unfortunately, she has not been able to enjoy those activities too much over the past few years as writing and photography have become her new passion. She has published books in a variety of genres. She is now in the process of developing a new hobby - painting. She has dabbled in drawing and her music books include her artwork. With consistent practice, she hopes to become an accomplished artist in a few years. Her influences come from everyday situations around her.

They could be as simple as watching and photographing animals enjoying a normal day of activities or sitting by the ocean and allowing her mind to absorb the beauty of nature and then transferring her views into words. She honestly cannot say that there is any one thing that inspires her as she is inspired by everything around her. Her children's book collection will bring excitement to the reading world of any child as they go fishing with Rusty the Rat or join Curly Tail Lizard in trying to hide from the heat of the sun.

Her High School books encourage students who are just entering High School to focus on their purpose for being there. They also serve as a serious method of reflection in preparation for life after High School. The Bible study books offer a systematic approach to learning and understanding God through His Word. There are also photo inspirational books, poetry books, books for women and Music Theory workbooks. Cooper is a graduate of Marygrove College, Detroit, Michigan Are you an author? Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new or current image and biography.

Learn more at Author Central. Popularity Popularity Featured Price: Low to High Price: High to Low Avg. Available for download now. Only 2 left in stock - order soon. Only 1 left in stock - order soon. Curly Tail Apr 30,