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1 abr. Agnus Sib - A Jornada (Primeira Parte) by Arloni Bais Junior. Price: $ USD. Words: 52, Language: Portuguese. Published: April 1.
Table of contents



Aid and the soft budget constraint. Review of Development Economics , v. Changes in hotel industry budgetary practice. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management , v. Improving hotel budgetary practice: International Journal of Hospitality Management , v. UK hotel operators use of budgetary procedures.

Does more or even better information lead to better budgeting? Journal of Policy Analysis and Management , v. Budgeting practices and performance in small healthcare businesses. Management Accounting Research , v. Revista HSM Management , n. Beyond budgeting or better budgeting? Strategic Finance , v. Beyond budgeting or budgeting reconsidered? A survey of North-American budgeting practice. Beyond budgeting in an IDS: Healthcare Financial Management , v. Models of performance-measurement use in local governments: Accounting Organizations and Society , v.

Better budgeting or beyond budgeting? Have budgetary controls in the US club industry changed from the mids to the twenty-first century? Management control without budgets: Management accounting practices in the Greek hospitality industry. Managerial Auditing Journal , v. You can innovate in hard times. Research-Technology Management , v. Why some organizations go beyond budgeting. The Journal of Corporate Accounting and Finance , v. The use of management tools in municipal government: Elements of strategic planning and management in municipal government: Management tools in municipal government: Performance measurement in municipal government: Advertising budgeting methods and processes in China.

Journal of Advertising , v. Economies of scale, density and scope in public provision of basic local infrastructure. Budgetary accounting and reporting practices in Bahraini governmental units: International Business Review , v.

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Arloni Bais Junior

The effect of honesty preferences and superior authority on budget proposals. The Accounting Review , v. Investment Management and Financial Innovations , v. Revista Harvard-Deusto Finanzas y Contabilidad , n. Operations budgeting practices of lodging firms, in the United States and Scandinavia. Budgeting in hotel chains: Public-private environment in the port operation decision-making process in Brazil: An exploratory study of operational reasons to budget.

Accounting and Finance , v. Hotel management company forecasting and budgeting practices: Enhancing hotel manager's organizational commitment: The role of consultant-researchers in the design and implementation process of a programme budget in a local government organization. Analysis of critical control points of alternative decisions on the choice of Performance Based Budgeting System: Romanian Journal of Economic Forecasting , v.

Current budgeting practices in U. An evaluation of budgeting approaches: Phylogenetic investigation by Maximum Likelihood showed all the vp60 sequences from the Madeira archipelago group together with high bootstraps. The analysis also showed that the Madeira archipelago strains are closely related to the strains detected in the south of mainland Portugal in , suggesting a possible introduction from the mainland. Human activity related to hunting was most probably at the origin of the Madeira outbreak.

Volatile profile of Madeira wines submitted to traditional accelerated ageing. The evolution of monovarietal fortified Madeira wines forced-aged by traditional thermal processing estufagem were studied in terms of volatiles. One hundred and ninety volatile compounds were identified, 53 of which were only encountered in baked wines. Most chemical families increased after standard heating, especially furans and esters, up to 61 and 3-fold, respectively.

On the contrary, alcohols, acetates and fatty acids decreased after heating. Varietal aromas, such as Malvasia's monoterpenic alcohols were not detected after baking. New species and new records of bryozoans from shallow waters of Madeira Island.

Agnus Sib - A Jornada (Primeira Parte) by Arloni Bais Junior on Apple Books

Two new species of bryozoans encrusting subtidal rocks are described from the shallow waters of Madeira Island. We describe one cyclostome, Favosipora purpurea sp. In addition, one species, Beania maxilladentata, is recorded for the first time outside of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Six other species previously recorded in Madeira are redescribed to provide new data and SEM images. A wildfire spread to the capital city of Funchal on the island of Madeira , an autonomous region of Portugal, over the nighttime hours of Tuesday, Aug.

Several homes and a luxury hotel have burned, and a thousand people have been evacuated.

Where to find Arloni Bais Junior online

The three fatalities are reported to be elderly people who were unable to escape when their homes caught fire. The fire ignited Monday, Aug. The entire island is only 30 miles 48 kilometers from end to end, which naturally makes protecting the island's , residents and many tourists more difficult. The left image is a true-color image taken by MISR's degree forward-pointing camera.

This oblique view gives a better view of the smoke than a downward-pointing view. The island of Madeira is the only land within the field of view, and the smoke from the wildfire is being blown to the southwest. The city of Funchal is located on the southeastern coast of the island. MISR's nine cameras, each viewing Earth at a different angle, can be used to determine the height of clouds and smoke above the surface in much the same way that our two eyes, pointing in slightly different directions, give us depth perception.

The right-hand image shows MISR's publically available standard cloud top height product. These data show that the main body of clouds is indeed very low, less than 0. A stereo "anaglyph" of this scene is also available at PIA As can be seen from both the MISR height product and the 3D anaglyph, the isolated clouds to the south. Contrasts in the marine ecosystem of two Macaronesian islands: A comparison between the remote Selvagens Reserve and Madeira Island. The islands of Madeira and Selvagens are less than km apart but offer a clear contrast between a densely populated and highly developed island Madeira , and a largely uninhabited and remote archipelago Selvagens within Macaronesia in the eastern Atlantic.

The Selvagens Islands Reserve is one of the oldest nature reserves in Portugal and comprises two islands and several islets, including the surrounding shelf to a depth of m. Only reserve rangers and a small unit of the maritime police inhabit these islands. The benthic community around Selvagens was dominated by erect and turf algae, while the community at Madeira was comprised of crustose coralline and turf algae, sessile invertebrates, and sea urchin barrens. Total fish biomass was 3.

Several commercially important species e. Important sea urchin predators e. The effects of fishing and other anthropogenic influences are evident around Madeira. This is in stark contrast to Selvagens, which harbors healthy benthic communities with diverse algal assemblages and high fish biomass, including an abundance of large commercially important species. The clear differences between these two island groups highlights the importance of expanding and strengthening the protection around Selvagens, which harbors one of the last intact marine ecosystems in the North Atlantic, and the need to increase management and protection around Madeira.

Upper crustal structure of Madeira Island revealed from ambient noise tomography. We present the first image of the Madeira upper crustal structure, using ambient seismic noise tomography. Dispersion analysis was performed in the short period band from 1. Group velocity measurements were regionalized to obtain 2D tomographic images, with a lateral resolution of 2. Afterwards, the dispersion curves, extracted from each cell of the 2D group velocity maps, were inverted as a function of depth to obtain a 3D shear wave velocity model of the upper crust, from the surface to a depth of 2.

The obtained 3D velocity model reveals features throughout the island that correlates well with surface geology and island evolution. Few surveys on benthic fauna have been performed on the island of Madeira Alves et al. Porifera can be considered one of the least studied phyla in the Madeira archipelago, within the Lusitanian province. This is not the case for other regions as the Mediterranean Boury-Esnault and references therein , Alboran Sea Carballo , Canary Islands Cruz , and the Azores Topsent ; Boury-Esnault Lopes ; Xavier , where sponges have been more thoroughly studied.

Modeling the air-sea feedback system of Madeira Island. The model reasonably reproduced measured fields at 14 meteorological stations, and matched the dimensions and magnitude of the warm sea surface temperature SST wake imaged by satellite. Nevertheless, the warm wake was never entirely eroded at night due to the cumulative effect of the diurnal cycle.

The spatial pattern of the diurnal warming varied day-to-day in location and extent. Significant mutual interaction of the oceanic and atmospheric boundary layers was diagnosed via fluxes and temperature cross sections and reinforced by sensitivity runs. The simulation produces for the first time the interactive nature of the ocean and atmosphere boundary layers in the warm wake region of an island with complex terrain. Alphaantitrypsin deficiency in Madeira Portugal: Alphaantitrypsin AAT deficiency is a common genetic disease which affects both lung and liver. Early diagnosis can help asymptomatic patients to adjust their lifestyle choices in order to reduce the risk of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease COPD.

The determination of this genetic deficiency prevalence in Madeira Island Portugal population is important to clarify susceptibility and define the relevance of performing genetic tests for AAT on individuals at risk for COPD. Our results show one of the highest frequencies for both mutations when compared to any already studied population in the world. This high prevalence of AAT deficiency on Madeira Island reveals an increased genetic susceptibility to COPD and suggests a routine genetic testing for individuals at risk. The data was obtained at high-resolution level, using sequence-based typing SBT.

The most frequent alleles at each loci were: The present study corroborates historical sources and other genetic studies that say Madeira were populated not only by Europeans, mostly Portuguese, but also sub-Saharan Africans due to slave trade. Comparison with other populations shows that Madeira experienced a stronger African influence due to slave trade than Portugal mainland and even the Azores archipelago.

Despite this African genetic input, haplotype and allele frequencies were predominantly from European origin, mostly common to mainland Portugal. In this paper we give an overview of relevant findings of a three years long case study that was carried out in the Madeira Island, Portugal. It addresses a thirty years old project in music and drama education in primary schools, which involves all children within the school curriculum, but also in extra-curriculum activities. In this paper, we analyse the transition to the labor market of participants in vocational training in Madeira in Portugal.

The analysis is in two stages. First, we investigate how the employment status at different dates 1 month, 1 year, and 2 years after the completion of the training program depends on relevant variables, such as age, gender,…. From Madeira to the Sandwich Islands: The Story of a Portuguese Family in Hawaii. In this picture story, a woman describes her family's migration from the Portuguese island of Madeira to Hawaii and the process of acculturation that she and her family went througn while retaining aspects of their cultural background.

Todos os golos da Jornada (Liga 18/19 #7)

Many photographs are included. A three-year-case study funded by the Foundation for Science and Technology FCT from the Portuguese Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education was designed to study a year project of music and drama in primary schools in Madeira. This article reports on the narratives of the three main figures in the project as they elaborate on its….

Contourite drift off Madeira Island Northeast Atlantic and implications to Cenozoic bottom-current circulation. During the last decades several works have been carried out on the morphosedimentary processes driven by bottom-currents in several continental margins and abyssal plains worldwide. However these processes still remain poorly understood on deep-water settings and particularly around oceanic islands. The interpretation of a newly acquired dataset, composed of multibeam bathymetry, Parasound echosounder profiles and multichannel seismic reflection profiles, allowed to identify a giant about km long and over than km wide plastered contourite drift, called the " Madeira Drift", developing along the lower slope of the Madeira plateau.

It formed on top of a major erosional unconformity that truncates the underlying pelagic deposits, which drape over faulted blocks of Cretaceous oceanic crust. The Madeira Drift is composed of three main regional seismic units showing a predominant aggradational stacking pattern, without evidence of major lateral migration thought time. Its internal configuration indicates that it was build-up by a northwards flowing deep bottom current. These characteristics suggests that an almost persistent and stable water mass has been responsible for its edification trough time.

While the precise age of this contourite drift is undetermined, some chronostratigraphic constraints can be determined based upon published works regarding seafloor magnetic anomalies e. Based on them is commonly accepted that an enhanced proto-Antarctic Bottom Water AABW started to circulate at that time we considered this water mass as the.

Molecular epidemiology suggests Venezuela as the origin of the dengue outbreak in Madeira , Portugal in Published data showed that dengue virus type 1 introduced from South America was the incriminated virus. We aim to determine the origin of the strain introduced to Madeira by travellers returning to Europe.

Using phylogeographic analysis and complete envelope sequences we have demonstrated that the most probable origin of the strain is Venezuela. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. Three cases of imported dengue virus infection from Madeira to Belgium, Despite the use of a mosquito-repellent spray as reported by two patients, the infection could not be prevented. The close relationship to isolates from Colombia supports the previous findings that a South American strain originated the outbreak in Madeira in The blowflies of the Madeira Archipelago: Abstract Knowledge on the taxonomic diversity and distribution of blowflies from the Madeira Archipelago is updated.

New and interesting findings are reported for poorly studied islands and islets of this archipelago, together with a brief analysis of the diversity of Macaronesian Calliphoridae s. Seven blowfly species were collected during this study, including the first records of Calliphora vicina Robineau-Desvoidy, , Chrysomya albiceps Wiedemann, , Lucilia sericata Meigen, , Pollenia rudis Fabricius, and Stomorhina lunata Fabricius, from Porto Santo, and of Calliphora vicina, Lucilia sericata and Stomorhina lunata from Desertas Islands.


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The presence of Calliphora loewi Enderlein, in Madeira Laurisilva forest is discussed and its first instar larva is redescribed, revealing important differences in relation to its original description. An identification key to the adult Madeiran blowflies is provided for the first time.

Agnus Sib - A Jornada (Primeira Parte)

Minimal barcode distance between two water mite species from Madeira Island: In this work, we compare morphological and molecular data in their ability to distinguish between species of water mites Acari, Prostigmata, Hydrachnidia. We have focused on the two species of the genus Lebertia inhabiting the island of Madeira. While traditional morphological traits were initially sufficient to distinguish between these two species, the molecular data were more dependable on the kind of analysis carried out. Single arbitrary genetic distance e. Analysing the same specimens with the coalescent model has proved the evolutionary independence of both Lebertia clades in Madeira.

Furthermore, multi-rate Poisson Tree Process analysis confirmed both lineages as independent species.


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  8. Our results agree with previous studies warning of the dangers of rigid species delimitation based on arbitrary molecular distances. In addition, the importance of different molecular data approaches for correct species delimitation in water mites is highlighted. Natural infection of Culex theileri Diptera: Culicidae with Dirofilaria immitis Nematoda: Filarioidea on Madeira Island, Portugal. Field and laboratory studies were performed to verify whether Culex theileri Theobald functions as a natural vector of Dirofilaria immitis Leidy on Madeira Island, Portugal.

    Three mosquito species were captured, including 58 Culex pipiens L. The presence of this filarial worm was detected by direct observation, infectivity assay dissection technique, and polymerase chain reaction methods. Infected mosquitoes were recovered in October and December and January These data provide evidence that Cx. Ongoing outbreak of dengue type 1 in the Autonomous Region of Madeira , Portugal: Following the identification of two autochthonous cases of dengue type 1 on 3 October , an outbreak of dengue fever has been reported in Madeira , Portugal.

    As of 25 November, 1, cases have been detected on the island where the vector Aedes aegypti had been established in some areas since This event represents the first epidemic of dengue fever in Europe since and concerted control measures have been initiated by local health authorities. Aedes aegypti on Madeira Island Portugal: The increasing population of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes on Madeira Island Portugal resulted in the first autochthonous dengue outbreak, which occurred in October Our study establishes the first genetic evaluation based on the mitochondrial DNA mtDNA genes [cytochrome oxidase subunit I COI and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 ND4 ] and knockdown resistance kdr mutations exploring the colonisation history and the genetic diversity of this insular vector population.

    We included mosquito populations from Brazil and Venezuela in the analysis as putative geographic sources. We also detected the presence of two important kdr mutations and the quasi-fixation of one of these mutations FC. These results are consistent with a unique recent founder event that occurred on the island of Ae. Finally, we also report the presence of the FC kdr mutation in the Brazil and Venezuela populations. To our knowledge, this is the first time this mutation has been found in South American Ae. Given the present risk of Ae.

    The Madeira Dengue Outbreak: Epidemiological Determinants and Future Epidemic Potential. Dengue, a vector-borne viral disease of increasing global importance, is classically associated with tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world. Urbanisation, globalisation and climate trends, however, are facilitating the geographic spread of its mosquito vectors, thereby increasing the risk of the virus establishing itself in previously unaffected areas and causing large-scale epidemics. On 3 October , two autochthonous dengue infections were reported within the Autonomous Region of Madeira , Portugal.

    Here, using an ento-epidemiological mathematical framework, we estimate that the introduction of dengue to Madeira occurred around a month before the first official cases, during the period of maximum influx of airline travel, and that the naturally declining temperatures of autumn were the determining factor for the outbreak's demise in early December Using key estimates, together with local climate data, we further propose that there is little support for dengue endemicity on this island, but a high potential for future epidemic outbreaks when seeded between May and August—a period when detection of imported cases is crucial for Madeira 's public health planning.

    Insecticide resistance is mediated by multiple mechanisms in recently introduced Aedes aegypti from Madeira Island Portugal. Aedes aegypti is a major mosquito vector of arboviruses, including dengue, chikungunya and Zika. Despite an initial insecticide-based vector control program, the species expanded throughout the Southern coast of the island, suggesting the presence of insecticide resistance. Here, we characterized the insecticide resistance status and the underlying mechanisms of two populations of Ae.

    WHO susceptibility bioassays indicated resistance to cyfluthrin, permethrin, fenitrothion and bendiocarb. Use of synergists significantly increased mortality rates, and biochemical assays indicated elevated activities of detoxification enzymes, suggesting the importance of metabolic resistance. Microarray-based transcriptome analysis detected significant upregulation in both populations of nine cytochrome P oxidase genes including four known pyrethroid metabolizing enzymes , the organophosphate metabolizer CCEae3a, Glutathione-S-transferases, and multiple putative cuticle proteins.

    Genotyping of knockdown resistance loci linked to pyrethroid resistance revealed fixation of the C mutation, and presence with moderate frequencies of the VI mutation in each population. Significant resistance to three major insecticide classes pyrethroid, carbamate and organophosphate is present in Ae.

    Implementation of appropriate resistance management strategies including rotation of insecticides with alternative modes of action, and methods other than chemical-based vector control are strongly advised to delay or reverse the spread of resistance and achieve efficient control. The Madeira dengue outbreak: During the following seven months, this first 'European' dengue outbreak caused more than local cases and 81 exported cases to mainland Europe. Using key estimates, together with local climate data, we further propose that there is little support for dengue endemicity on this island, but a high potential for future epidemic outbreaks when seeded between May and August-a period when detection of imported cases is crucial for Madeira 's public health planning.

    Radiocarbon evidence for the presence of mice on Madeira Island North Atlantic one millennium ago. Owing to the catastrophic extinction events that occurred following the Holocene arrival of alien species, extant oceanic island biotas are a mixture of recently incorporated alien fauna and remnants of the original fauna. Knowledge of the Late Quaternary pristine island faunas and a reliable chronology of the earliest presence of alien species on each archipelago are critical in understanding the magnitude and tempo of Quaternary island extinctions.

    This date extends the time frame in which the most significant ecological changes occurred on the island. It also suggests that humans could have reached Madeira before cal AD, around four centuries before Portugal officially took possession of the island. Revision of Gymnotus Gymnotiformes: Banded Knifefishes Gymnotus, Gymnotidae comprise the most species-rich genus of Neotropical electric fishes, with 41 species currently described from throughout the humid Neotropics, from Mexico to Argentina.

    Despite substantial alpha-taxonomic work in recent years, the diversity of Gymnotus in some regions remains poorly understood. Here we describe the Gymnotus fauna of the Upper Madeira basin of Bolivia and Peru from examination of more than adult specimens. Species are delimited and described using body proportions traditional morphometrics , fin-ray, squamation and laterosensory-pore counts meristics , quantitative shape differences geometric morphometrics , osteological traits, and color patterns.

    Comparisons of standardized linear measures as well as multivariate statistical methods validate the presence in the Upper Madeira basin of three previously described species, two with wide-spread geographic distributions throughout Greater Amazonia G. We also diagnose and describe two new species that are endemic to the Upper Madeira basin: The five Gymnotus species from the Upper Madeira basin are not monophyletic, each species being more closely related to a different species from another region; i.

    These descriptions to 43 the number of valid Gymnotus species. Infection was not detected among 43 I. All PCR products were confirmed by nucleotide sequencing to be identical or to be most closely related to A. To our knowledge, this is the first evidence of A. Moreover, these findings confirm the persistence of A. A total of Ixodes ticks, collected from Madeira Island and Setubal District, mainland Portugal, were examined by polymerase chain reaction PCR for the presence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum.

    Madeira , the main Island of the Madeira Archipelago with an area of km2, is a North East Atlantic volcanic Island highly susceptible to cliff instability. Historical records contain accounts of a number of mass-wasting events along the Island, namely in , , and Collapses of cliffs are major hazards in oceanic Islands as they involve relatively large volumes of material, generating fast running debris avalanches, and even cause destructive tsunamis when entering the sea. In this study, we investigate the subaerial landslide-induced tsunami and its impact on the nearest coasts using numerical modelling.

    We first reconstruct the pre-event morphology of the area, and then simulate the initial movement of the sliding mass, the propagation of the tsunami wave and the inundation of the coast. We use a multi-layer numerical model, in which the lower layer represents the deformable slide, assumed to be a visco-plastic fluid, and bounded above by air, in the subaerial motion phase, and by seawater governed by shallow water equations. The results of the simulation are compared with the historical descriptions of the event to calibrate the numerical model and evaluate the coastal impact of a similar event in present-day coastline configuration of the Island.

    Gold exploration has been intensive in Brazilian Amazon over the last 40 years, where the use of mercury as an amalgam has caused abnormal Hg concentrations in water bodies. Special attention has been directed to Madeira River due to fact it is a major tributary of Amazon River and that since , gold exploration has been officially permitted along a km sector of the river. Activity profiles of excess 21 0 Pb determined in the sediment cores provided a means to evaluate the sedimentation rates using a Constant Flux: A significant relationship was found between the CF: Chemical data were also determined in the sediments for identifying possible relationships with Hg occurring in the area.

    Significant values were found in statistical correlation tests realized among the Hg, major oxides and Total Organic Carbon TOC content in the sediments. The TOC increased in the sediment cores accompanied by a loss on ignition LOI increment, whereas silica decreased following a specific surface area raising associated to the TOC increase. The CRS model always provided ages within the permitted range of the 21 0 Pb-method in the studied lakes, whereas the CF: CS model predicted two values above years.

    Background Aedes aegypti is a major mosquito vector of arboviruses, including dengue, chikungunya and Zika. Precipitation in Madeira island and atmospheric rivers in the winter seasons. This study aims to analyse the distribution of the daily accumulated precipitation in the Madeira 's highlands over a year period, as well as the main characteristics associated with atmospheric rivers ARs affecting the island during 10 winter seasons, and their impact in the rainfall amounts recorded near the mountain crest in the south-eastern part of the island.

    The period between September and November is considered for the analysis. The daily accumulated precipitation at surface showed generally drier summers, while the highest accumulated precipitation are recorded mainly during the winter, although some significant events may occur also in autumn and spring seasons. The patterns of the precipitable water vapour field when ARs reach the island were investigated, and even if great part of the atmospheric rivers reaches the island in a dissipation stage, some rivers are heavy enough to reach the Madeira Island.

    In this situation, the water vapour transport could be observed in two main configurations and transporting significant water vapour amounts toward the Madeira from the tropical region. This study lead to conclude that the atmospheric rivers, when associated to high values of precipitable water vapour over the island can provide favourable conditions to the development of precipitation, sometimes associated with high amounts. However, it was also found that many cases of high to extreme accumulated precipitation at the surface were not associated to this kind of moisture transport.

    Helminth component community of the loggerhead sea turtle, Caretta caretta, from Madeira Archipelago, Portugal. The helminth fauna of pelagic-stage loggerhead sea turtles, Caretta caretta, is still poorly known. Here, we describe the helminth-component community of healthy, free-ranging juvenile loggerhead sea turtles captured in the waters around Madeira Island, Portugal. Fifty-seven were used in this study. The esophagus, stomach, intestine, liver, gallbladder, spleen, kidneys, trachea, bronchi, urinary bladder, heart, left and right aortas, and coelomic cavity were macroscopically inspected; organs and tissues were removed and washed through a sieve.

    Prevalence, mean intensity, and mean abundance values were recorded. In total, parasite specimens belonging to 9 species were found: Parasite infections were found to have both low prevalences and intensities. Possible reasons for this include the oligotrophic conditions of the pelagic habitat around Madeira ; a 'dilution effect' because of the vastness of the area; and the small size, and thus ingestion rate, of the turtles. Results are discussed in terms of the various turtle populations that may use the waters surrounding Madeira. This work provides valuable information on the parasite fauna of a poorly known stage in the life of loggerhead sea turtles, thereby filling a fundamental gap with regard to features of the parasite fauna in this species.

    Data available in the literature points to the DDT contamination in fishes captured in Madeira River region. Fish is the major source of dietary protein to this people. DDT tends to accumulate in lipid rich tissues being eliminated by different events, including lactation. Considering the importance of the breast milk to the children feeding, the associated risks of DDT exposure via breast milk intake to children must be assessed.

    This is the main objective of this work: All sample showed contamination with DDT and its metabolites ranging from DDT, breast milk, children, organochlorine pesticide, fish. A forest fire started on August 8th, in several places on Madeira Island causing damage and casualties. As of August 10th the local media had reported the death of three people, over people injured, over habitants evacuated, and 50 houses damaged.

    This study presents the preliminary results of the assessment of several spectral indices to evaluate the burn severity of Madeira fires during August These spectral indices were calculated using the new European satellite Sentinel-2A launched in June Regarding the red-edge spectral indices, the NDVIre1n using band B5, nm presented better results compared with B6 nm and B7 nm bands.

    These preliminary results allow us to assume that Sentinel-2 will be a valuable tool for post-fire monitoring. In the future, the two twin Sentinel-2 satellites will offer global coverage of the Madeira Archipelago every five days, therefore allowing the simultaneous study of the evolution of the burnt area and reforestation information with high spatial up to 10 m and temporal resolution 5 days. The groups are composed of people infected with HIV, their friends, relatives, lovers, and anyone who feels that his or her everyday life has been affected by the epidemic.

    They hope that through solidarity they can respond to the difficult situation facing people who are HIV positive in Brazil. Grupo pela VIDDA seeks to raise the consciousness of the government and the society and force them to take responsibility for the epidemic. Their fundamental objective is to fight for PWAs to have a full range of civil rights.

    Through their network they provide accurate and current information, counseling, legal assistance, and sponsor support groups. Total mercury THg concentrations measured in two freshwater shrimp species Macrobrachium depressimanum and Macrobrachium jelskii showed a relationship with the location of artisanal and small-scale gold mining ASGM from the Madeira River Basin, Western Amazon. Between August and May , shrimp samples were collected in the confluence of the Madeira River with three of its tributaries Western Amazon.

    THg concentration was quantified in the exoskeleton, hepatopancreas and muscle tissue of the shrimps by cold vapor atomic absorption spectrophotometry. There were no significant differences between the two shrimp species when samples came from the Madeira River, but Hg concentrations were significantly lower in a tributary outside the influence of the gold mining area. Average THg concentrations were higher in the hepatopancreas up to These organisms are important for moving Hg up food webs including those that harbor economic significant fish species and thus enhancing human exposure.

    Efficacy of Isaria fumosorosea Wize Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae on the leaf phylloplane over time for controlling Madeira mealybug nymphs preshipping. Species conservation profiles of endemic spiders Araneae from Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos, Portugal. Abstract Background The North Atlantic archipelagos of Madeira and Selvagens present a unique biological diversity including, presently, 56 endemic spider species. Several recent projects provide valuable information on their distribution across most islands and habitats. The objective of this paper is to assess all remaining endemic species and advise on possible future conservation actions critical for the survival of endangered species.

    New information Seven species were found to have a continuing decline in either range or population size. Their decline can be mostly attributed to habitat destruction or degradation, invasive plant species that reduce quality of habitat, forest fires at high mountain regions and possible competition for resources from invasive congeners. Although most endemic spiders from the Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos have relatively low extinction risk due to the good condition and protection of the laurisilva forests where many live, there are a number of species requiring urgent attention and protection measures.

    These include all cave and mountain-restricted species as well as those threatened by competing congeners or invasive plants. Extending current protected areas, restoring original habitats of threatened species and the control of invasive taxa should remain a priority for species survival. The North Atlantic archipelagos of Madeira and Selvagens present a unique biological diversity including, presently, 56 endemic spider species. Seven species were found to have a continuing decline in either range or population size. Sexual performance of mass reared and wild Mediterranean fruit flies Diptera: Tephritidae from various origins of the Madeira Islands.

    The success of Mediterranean fruit fly medfly Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann control programs integrating the sterile insect technique SIT is based on the capacity of released the sterile males to compete in the field for mates. The Islands of Madeira are composed of 2 populated islands Madeira and Porto Santo where the medfly is present.

    To evaluate the compatibility and sexual performance of sterile flies we conducted a series of field cage tests. At same time, the process of laboratory domestication was evaluated. Field cage experiments showed that populations of all origins are mostly compatible.

    There were no significant differences among wild populations in sexual competitiveness. Semi-wild and mass-reared males performed significantly poorer in both experiments than wild males in achieving matings with wild females. The study indicates that there is no significant isolation among strains tested, although mating performance is reduced in mass-reared and semi-wild flies after 7 to 10 generations in the laboratory. Las Islas de Madeira consisten de 2 islas pobladas Madeira y Porto Santo donde la mosca mediterranea de la fruta esta presente.

    Para evaluar la compatibilidad y el funcionamiento sexual de moscas esteriles nosotros realizamos una serie de pruebas de. Sclerochronological study of a dog cockle Glycymeris glycymeris L. The use of the annual increments in the shell of the abundant dog cockle Glycymeris glycymeris L. However, the sclerochronological potential of the species has not been investigated at the southern limit of its distribution, at the southern North East Atlantic. Therefore the first aim of our study was to analyse growth patterns of G.

    The second aim was to find out whether G. In a group of dead shells were collected near the Desertas Islands, Madeira , at m water depth range, together with two living specimens. Our results suggest that the relationship between shell growth of G. In contrast with the northern populations the low. Temporal and spatial distribution of young Brachyplatystoma spp. Pimelodidae along the rapids stretch of the Madeira River Brazil before the construction of two hydroelectric dams.

    Monthly April to May bottom-trawl sampling for Brachyplatystoma species along the rapids stretch of the Madeira River in Brazil revealed that Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii larvae and juveniles were present in low abundances in all areas and during all hydrological periods. The presence of larvae and juveniles throughout the hydrological cycle suggests asynchronous spawning in the headwaters of the Madeira River. Amazonian river systems are characterized by a strongly seasonal flood pulse and important hydrologic effects have been observed in the dynamics of fish stocks and fishing yields.

    Changes in the Amazon's freshwater ecosystems from hydropower development will have a cascade of physical, ecological, and social effects and impacts on fish and fisheries are expected to be potentially irreversible. In this work we investigate shared trends and causal factors driving fish catch in the Madeira River a major tributary of the Amazon before dam construction to derive relationships between catch and natural hydrologic dynamics.

    We applied Dynamic Factor Analysis to investigate dynamics in fish catch across ten commercially important fish species in the Madeira River using daily fish landings data including species and total weight and daily hydrological data obtained from the Brazilian Geological Service. Total annual catch averaged over the yr period was tons yr We found a four-trend dynamic factor model DFM to best fit the observed data, assessed using the Akaike Information Criteria. Fitted trends exhibited strong and regular year-to-year variation representative of the seasonal hydrologic pulsing observed on the Madeira River.

    Next, we considered 11 candidate explanatory time series and found the best DFM used four explanatory variables and only one common trend. The most important explanatory variable in this model was maximum water level followed by days flooded, river flow of the previous year and increment. We found unique responses to hydrological.

    Using stable isotopes to characterize groundwater recharge sources in the volcanic island of Madeira , Portugal. The hydrogeology of volcanic islands remains poorly understood, despite the fact that populations that live on them rely on groundwater as a primary water source. This situation is exacerbated by their complex structure, geological heterogeneity, and sometimes active volcanic processes that hamper easy analysis of their hydrogeological dynamics.

    Stable isotope analysis is a powerful tool that has been used to assess groundwater dynamics in complex terrains. In this work, stable isotopes are used to better understand the hydrogeology of Madeira Island and provide a case-study that can serve as a basis for groundwater studies in other similar settings.

    The water in tunnels was found to be recharged almost exclusively by rain in the deforested high plateaus, whilst several springs associated with shallow perched aquifers are recharged from rain and cloud water interception by the vegetated slopes. Nevertheless some springs thought to be sourced from deep perched aquifers, recharge in the central plateaus, and their isotopic composition is similar to the water in the tunnels. Recharge occurs primarily during autumn and winter, as evidenced by the springs and tunnels Water Lines WL. The groundwater in wells appears to originate from runoff from rain that falls along the slopes that infiltrates near the streams' mouths, where the wells are located.

    This is evident by the evaporation line along which the wells plot. Irrigation water is also a possible source of recharge. The data is compatible with the hydrogeological conceptual model of Madeira. This work also shows the importance of cloud water interception as a net contributor to groundwater recharge, at least in the perched aquifers that feed numerous springs. As the amount of rainfall is expected to. The Madeira granite is one of the Paleoproterozoic 1. It is elongated in the NE-SW direction and is composed of four facies.

    Classical structural techniques and the anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility AMS method were applied to the study of its internal fabric. Magnetic susceptibility measurements, thermomagnetic curves, remanent coercivity spectra, optical microscopy and SEM scanning electron microscopy analyses were carried out on the earlier and later facies of the Madeira granite: AMS fabric pattern is controlled by pure magnetite in all facies, despite significant amounts of hematite in the BAG subfacies. Microstructural observations show that in almost all sites, magnetic fabric correlates to magmatic state fabrics that are defined by a weak NE-SW orientation of mafic and felsic silicates.

    However, strain mechanisms in both subfacies of AG also exhibit evidence for solid-state deformation at high to moderate temperatures. Pegmatite dyke, strike slip fault SFA-B-C , hydrothermal vein, normal fault F and joint J structures were observed and their orientation and kinematics is consistent with the magmatic and solid-state structures. Kinematic analysis in these structures shows evidence for a dextral sense of movement in the system in the brittle regime.

    The coherent structural pattern for the three facies of Madeira granite suggests that the different facies form a nested pluton. The coherence in orientation and kinematics from magmatic to high-temperature solid-state, and into the brittle. Blood biochemistry reference values for wild juvenile loggerhead sea turtles Caretta caretta from Madeira archipelago. Standard biochemical parameters were determined in wild juvenile loggerhead sea turtles Caretta caretta living offshore Madeira Island, northeast Atlantic.

    We analyzed the influence of age, sex, sea surface temperature, and body condition index on biochemical parameters including uric acid, total bilirubin, total cholesterol, creatinine kinase CK , glucose, total protein, urea nitrogen, lactate dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotranspherase AST , gamma-glutamyl transferase GGT , albumin, alkaline phosphatase ALP , sodium NA , potassium K , chloride, calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium.

    Significant positive correlations were found between turtle body size and total cholesterol, total protein, and albumin. Calcium levels were lower than those reported in adult or captive turtles, but similar to wild juveniles from Australian waters, and were interpreted as normal for this age category.

    These data may be useful to evaluate the health status of stranded or injured animals and to improve veterinary care at rehabilitation centers. Identification, rearing, and distribution of stick insects of Madeira Island: Two species of stick insects are currently known to be present in the Macaronesian archipelagos: Clonopsis gallica Charpentier Phasmatodea: Here, we provide the first reliable records of the presence and distribution of C.

    Egg and adult stages are briefly described along with some notes on the life history of these species in captivity. Data on islandwide distribution are based on specimens donated by the public in response to an article published in a daily newspaper. This method of data collection raised great popular interest in stick insects. The role of newspapers as a means of communicating awareness in biodiversity issues is discussed.

    This is an open access paper. We use the Creative Commons Attribution 3. An example of raising biodiversity awareness. Abstract Two species of stick insects are currently known to be present in the Macaronesian archipelagos: Wake Response to an Ocean-Feedback Mechanism: Madeira Island Case Study. We focus on an island wake episode that occurred in the Madeira Archipelago region of the north-east Atlantic at The Weather Research and Forecasting numerical model was used in a one-way downscaling mode, considering initial and boundary conditions from the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts system.

    The current literature emphasizes adiabatic effects on the dynamical aspects of atmospheric wakes. Nevertheless, changes in sea-surface temperature variability in the lee of an island can induce similar regime shifts because of exposure to stronger solar radiation. Increase in evaporation contributes to the enhancement of convection and thus to the uplift of the stratified atmospheric layer above the critical height, with subsequent internal gravity wave activity. A new tree frog species of the genus Scinax from the interfluve between the Purus and Madeira rivers, Brazilian Amazonia, is described and illustrated.

    The new species is diagnosed by medium body size, snout truncate in dorsal view, ulnar and tarsal tubercles absent, nuptial pads poorly developed, skin on dorsum shagreen, dorsum light brown with dark brown spots and markings, white groin with black spots, anterior and posterior surfaces of thighs black, and iris bright orange. The advertisement call consists of a single short note, with pulses and dominant frequency at Hz. Tadpoles are characterized by body ovoid in dorsal view and triangular in lateral view, tail higher than body, oral disc located anteroventrally and laterally emarginated, dorsum of body uniformly grey-brown with dark brown eye-snout stripe in preservative, fins translucent with small to large irregular diffuse dark brown spots.

    Abstract A new tree frog species of the genus Scinax from the interfluve between the Purus and Madeira rivers, Brazilian Amazonia, is described and illustrated. Study of different atmospheric environments associated to storms development in the Madeira Island. The study aims to improve the understanding about different atmospheric environments leading to the development of storms associated with heavy precipitation in Madeira Island.

    For this purpose, four main goals have been considered: Concerning the large scale environment, precipitation over the island was favoured by weather systems e. The tropical origin of this moisture is underscored, however, their impact on the precipitation in Madeira was not so high during the 10 winter seasons [ - ] studied. The main factor triggering heavy precipitation events over the island is related to the local orography. The steep terrain favours orographically-induced stationary precipitation over the highlands, although maximum of precipitation at coastal region may be produced by localized blocking effect.

    These orographic precipitating systems presented different structures, associated with shallow and deep convection. Essentially, the study shows that the combination of airflow dynamics, moist content, and orography is the major mechanism that produces precipitation over the island. These factors together with the event duration act to define the regions of excessive precipitation. Finally, the study highlights two useful points for the operational sector, regarding the meridional water vapour transport and local effects.

    Genetic polymorphisms and asthma: Asthma is a complex disease influenced by multiple genetic and environmental factors. While Madeira has the highest prevalence of asthma in Portugal We categorized 98 asthma patients according to the Global Initiative for Asthma GINA guidelines, established their sensitization profile, and measured their forced expiratory volume in 1 second FEV1 and forced vital capacity FVC indexes.

    Although mites are the major source of allergic sensitization, no significant difference was found amongst asthma severity categories. Helminth parasites of the oceanic horse mackerel Trachurus picturatus Bowdich Pisces: The helminth parasite fauna of the oceanic horse mackerel Trachurus picturatus Bowdich , caught off the Madeira Islands was composed of six different taxa. Prevalence and abundance of larval Anisakis sp. Anisakidae and Nybelinia lingualis Trypanorhyncha: Tentaculariidae , the most common parasite taxa, were Polymorphidae and the monogeneans Heteraxinoides atlanticus Monogenea: Heteraxinidae and Pseudaxine trachuri Monogenea: Gastrocotylidae were comparatively rare.

    The depauperate helminth fauna of the oceanic horse mackerel at Madeira compared to other geographical regions of the north-eastern Atlantic, namely the Azores banks and the West African coast, may be attributed to the paucity of nutrients off oceanic islands and to a low density of the fish population. Clinical presentation and laboratory findings for the first autochthonous cases of dengue fever in Madeira island, Portugal, October An outbreak of dengue fever in Madeira island was reported in Clinical and laboratory findings of the first two laboratory-confirmed autochthonous cases are reported.

    Symptoms also included myalgia, asthenia, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, diffuse abdominal pain, and diarrhoea. The two cases were confirmed by serology and one tested positive for a dengue viral sequence. This study shows, for the first time, high-resolution allele frequencies of HLA-DQA1 loci in Madeira Island Portugal and allows us to better understand and refine present knowledge on DQB1 variation, with the identification of several alleles not previously reported in this population.

    The emergence of volcanic oceanic islands on a slow-moving plate: The transition from seamount to oceanic island typically involves surtseyan volcanism. However, the geological record at many islands in the NE Atlantic—all located within the slow-moving Nubian plate—does not exhibit evidence for an emergent surtseyan phase but rather an erosive unconformity between the submarine basement and the overlying subaerial shield sequences.

    This suggests that the transition between seamount and island may frequently occur by a relative fall of sea level through uplift, eustatic changes, or a combination of both, and may not involve summit volcanism. In this study, we explore the consequences for island evolutionary models using Madeira Island Portugal as a case study. Our study confirms that Madeira 's subaerial shield volcano was built upon the eroded remains of an uplifted seamount, with shallow marine sediments found between the two eruptive sequences and presently located at m above sea level.

    This study reveals that Madeira emerged around 7. Basal intrusions are a likely uplift mechanism, and their emplacement is possibly enhanced by the slow motion of the Nubian plate relative to the source of partial melting. Alternating uplift and subsidence episodes suggest that island edifice growth may be governed by competing dominantly volcanic and dominantly intrusive processes.

    Our study confirms that Madeira 's subaerial shield volcano was built upon the eroded remains of an uplifted seamount, with shallow marine sediments found between the two eruptive sequences and presently located at — m above sea level. Almost all patients with hereditary hemochromatosis show a CY mutation in homozygosity or in compound heterozygosity with H63D. Also, the mutation S65C has been shown to be associated to a milder iron overload.

    Since allele and genotype frequencies of these three variants of the HFE gene vary between populations, the determination of their prevalence in Madeira Island will clarify the population susceptibility to hereditary hemochromatosis. One hundred and fifty-four samples from Madeira Island were genotyped for the three most common HFE gene mutations, H63D, CY, and S65C, by polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Results have shown a prevalence of Provenance of sands from the confluence of the Amazon and Madeira rivers based on detrital heavy minerals and luminescence of quartz and feldspar.

    Source-to-sink systems are poorly known in tropical rivers. For the Amazonian rivers, the majority of the provenance studies remain focused on the suspended load, implying a poor understanding of the processes governing production and distribution of sands. In this study, we perform heavy mineral and optically stimulated luminescence OSL analysis to cover the entire spectrum heavy and light minerals fraction of 29 sand samples of the Lower Madeira river region Amazon and Madeira rivers , of which the main goal was to find provenance indicators specific to these rivers.

    Despite the tropical humid climate, the sands of the Amazon and Lower Madeira rivers are rich in unstable heavy minerals as augite, hypersthene, green hornblende and andalusite.