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Gold prospecting is the act of searching for new gold deposits. Methods used vary with the type of deposit sought and the resources of the prospector. Although .
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It is not clear whether permission has been granted. But the nugget's rarity means it is very hard to put a price on it. T he Douglas Nugget is believed to share a similar diameter to that of a 1. Dr Neil Clark, author of Scottish Gold: Fruit Of The Nation, believes the shape of the Douglas Nugget could mean there is more gold just waiting to be found close to the mystery location.

We urge you to turn off your ad blocker for The Telegraph website so that you can continue to access our quality content in the future. Very seldom will you actually see gold but with a bit of detective work ore bodies can be found. It is a fun hobby, but don't sink a lot of money into it at first. You will find that gold is VERY hard to find. Over the course of 3 years and many trips to claims I have accumulated 2 grams. That won't pay for my gasoline. But there is always the possibility of finding a great treasure. I will have to look into my area to see if there is any possibilities within travel distance.

What a great hobby-- good luck with it! I am a desert prospector. I cannot imagine digging in the snow. One time I watched a guy on YouTube prospecting in the winter in Wisconsin! I never thought about it - he is tougher than I am. Having spent much of my childhood playing in and around a stream, I can see where this prospecting business would be so much fun! I love camping and fooling around in the water. But the guy out there in the snow?

Voted up and tweeted! Glad the hub was of use. It is amazing how you can pick up little tricks of the trade the longer you practice the search for the brilliant yellow. I don't know if there is a lot of placer mining in South Africa, but I am guessing so. Your country has so many rich lode areas that it would be interesting to explore alluvial areas at the base of mountains. Having panned for gold in several places in the USA and finding some flakes I wish I had read this article earlier as it is very helpful and would have increased my chances. At the time I was living in Easley, South Carolina I did not realize that the stream on my property, the bottom of which contained black sand, could have been a good place to pan for gold!

Prospecting is such a fascinating topic. Two of my great-uncles participated in the Alaska gold rush. One of my uncles was a mining engineer in Chile. He loved to collect and share mining experiences and prospecting adventures. Thank you for such a clear explanation of the process including the importance of joining a club of like-minded prospectors , voted up, etc. I read a book published at the turn of the century by a mining engineer. His specialty was dredging. The Yuba river was an area as rich in gold as they come in its day.

The machines they used are incredible. Maybe I'll get to the north fork someday. After working our claims in Alaska for the summer I would go down to northern California and pan the creeks and rivers with great success. I had a lot of success on the north fork of the Yuba River and spent many a day just walking the creek and panning.

Just respect other folks and their claims and you won't get shot.

Reading the Stream

Living in Northern CA. Right after a heavy storm is great opportunity for finding those illusive little flakes Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

To provide a better website experience, hobbylark. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so. For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: John R Wilsdon more. Gold Is Heavy The first piece of information you need to understand is that the placement of gold in stream beds is based upon the speed and volume of water that can run in rivers, stream beds, or creeks.

Gold Clubbers On a Budget There are plenty of great articles on "how to find gold. Gold Flake Size The next point I want to mention has to do with the size of gold flake in a waterway. Grass Is Stealthy Now for another location to find gold flake and maybe a nugget- it happens. May all your club claims be rich with gold! Here, I share places that have yielded me gold that may not be so well known. Enjoy and good hunting!! Where to Pan for Gold: However, some rivers contain so little gold that one could pan and sieve for years and not find even one small flake.

The amateur prospector will not be able to determine whether gold is contained within an.. Here is a site with a world of plans for making your own, FREE. Reference all kinds of thing you can build for your next trip to the claim. May all your nuggets be gold. Venezuela is rich in minerals. Best of luck to you. James Iyle Silver and grey streaks can be a number of things. I hope this helps. I want to know if there gold in orange dirt it has silver looking streaks everywhere.

For Roy Seel Flake is not dense enough to be picked up. James miller You could do that, but you probably will just blow the material far away from you. Hope you too can find treasure! BobMonger Thanks for the comment. Thank you, Johan Smulders Glad the hub was of use. A brilliant hub ;great work and enjoy your weekend. Peter Lumetta I read a book published at the turn of the century by a mining engineer. John Living in Northern CA. This website uses cookies As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things.

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Looking for Gold in Unlikely Places

This is feature allows you to search the site. Some articles have Google Maps embedded in them. This is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. This service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. Some articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. The Hawkins Hill gold deposits are very rich and yield considerable gold in Nuggety Gully adjacent to the lode Hausel and Hausel, Posted by The Gem Hunter at 1: Saturday, July 23, Gold Prospecting.

Currently, I'm working on by latest book on 'Gold in Arizona'. It is amazing how many gold deposits there are in Arizona, many sitting idle and many possible extensions of known gold deposits that have been overlooked. Every time I research gold deposits, I am so impressed by how many possibilities there are out there - hundreds and hundreds! My suggestion for those who are new at prospecting or even been around for many years is to start looking in known gold mining districts. Those old miners went for the obvious deposits and left a lot of good stuff.

Just follow veins and gossans along trend and look for extensions. Looking to find gold? You've come to the right place. After all, I have a little experience looking for gold. I found hundreds of gold anomalies over the years, mapped several gold districts and gold mines , found some gold deposits including one major gold district that reportedly has commercial gold mineralization , and a world-class gold deposit with 6 other geologists that has a potential gold resource of more than million ounces: This latter deposit, known as the Donlin Creek gold deposit in Alaska , is one of the 10 largest gold deposits ever found in all of human history!

Remember those guys on Gold Rush? Yes, they were finding a lot of gold - a hundred ounces, a thousand ounces, a couple of tiny diamonds. Not only did I find a lot of gold, I also found a couple of diamond deposits and even some world-class gemstone deposits - but - unlike the Gold Rush guys, I never got to keep any of my diamonds or gold - all because of who I worked for and land ownership changes.

But am I angry - heck no - I knew what I was getting into. Well, I would have bought a 4-wheel drive truck with air conditioning, a nice AR rifle, and a small cabin in the mountains, and then I would have given the rest to charity. Anyway, after hunting gold for more than 30 years, finding the yellow metal for mining companies and the State of Wyoming, I've decided to let you know about gold and other valuable treasures so, I've put together ideas on where to find gold.

I published books on gold, diamonds, and other gemstones that will take you right to the source using GPS. Over the years I published hundreds of papers along with the books and currently, I'm working on another book on Gold in Arizona where there are a lot of very interesting gold deposits - so please watch for my new book on Arizona when it comes out on Amazon in Rock foliation in the Archean age Miners Delight formation metagreywacke along Rock Creek in the South Pass greenstone belt, provide excellent natural riffles to trap gold where they crosscut the Rock Creek placer.

One of the state's I did a lot of work in was Wyoming. Wyoming is a strange anomaly. It should be filled with gold based on its geology - it has a continental core known as a craton with some greenstone belts and the craton has been partially destroyed by a very, active igneous system known as the Yellowstone Caldera. This region should be dripping in gold. Greenstone belts are well known in places like Canada and Australia for all of the gold they produce - so why not Wyoming?

And the Absaroka volcanics surrounding the Yellowstone caldera contains all kinds of volcanic rocks that should also have gold - where has it gone? There are some scattered gold deposits in the greenstone belts in Wyoming, some large paleoplacer gold deposits, and a few porphyry copper deposits and gold deposits in the Absaroka Mountains, but little gold has ever been reported in Yellowstone.

I would bet that Yellowstone is filled with gold, but it is illegal to prospect for gold in that region. Wyoming should have a lot of gold but it historically produced 50 to times less gold than all of its surrounding neighbors except Nebraska , yet it has more favorable geology for gold.

This suggests there are still some major gold deposits that are hidden in Wyoming. But why would Wyoming try to keep these deposits from you and me? I have some ideas, but I will let you come to your own conclusions. Some prospectors look for gold and find nothing, others find a little gold or other treasur e: I found all of these in Wyoming; and while prospecting for diamonds in California my gold pan touched some gold, chromian diopside, sapphire and a beautiful sapphire look alike known as benitoite.

Diamonds were also found in gold placers in California by others Hausel, Others catch a incurable case of ' gold fever ' or 'diamond fever' such that they will give up everything - their homes, jobs and common sense just to search for gold. Some are so taken by the fever that they are exposed to scams and con-men who take whatever worldly possessions are left.

If you want to get rich - learn a little about gold prospecting, geology from a good prospector or field geologist, and learn something about contracts and marketing. But I had a great time in the wilds. There are many types of gold deposits to a geologist - hydrothermal, mesothermal, epithermal, replacement, etc. There is not always a clear distinction between lode and placer gold deposits. For instance, the great Witwatersrand gold deposits in South Africa, the most productive in the world, are classified geologically as paleoplacers.

Because they occur in brittle, consolidated rock mined to depths of greater than 13, feet , most prospectors would consider these to be lode deposits. However, geologists classify the great Rand deposits as fossil paleo placers, since the gold was deposited in streams and rivers more than 2.

Eluvial gold typically sits on top of a vein or lode. Eluvial deposits are restricted in size but may be enriched in gold. Such deposits are common in Arizona, though few of the eluvial-alluvial deposits have. In Wyoming , there are likely some giant gold deposits under. Another not so clear distinction may arise with eluvial deposits. Eluvial deposits are essentially composed of detrital material weathered in place from a nearby often underlying source.

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Gold from an eluvial deposit would show little or no evidence of transportation. Since eluvial deposits are unconsolidated, some prospectors would consider them placers, even though they may directly overlie a lode. There are many examples of eluvial gold in Arizona. The arid environment is favorable for eluvial deposits due to the lack of active streams and - where there is eluvial gold, there is lode gold in the immediate area - something every prospector needs to keep in mind.

Eluvial means that the material essentially eroded in place or from a nearby source area. In Arizona, there are many placer, alluvial and eluvial gold occurrences in streams, conglomerates and fanglomerates. Paleoplacer gold, uranium and diamond deposit from the Snowy Range in.

Note the rock is very hard and. Uranium, thorium, gold and even diamonds have. Placers consist of detrital gold and other valuable minerals transported in streams or by wave action to be concentrated with other heavy minerals known as black sands. If you have ever panned for gold, you are familiar with black sands. Black sands consist of dark opaque minerals with greater than average specific gravity, which may include magnetite, pyroxene, amphibole, ilmenite, garnet, sphene, chromite and monazite, as well as some rare light-colored minerals with relatively high specific gravity such as cassiterite and scheelite.

If you ever panned near Wilson Bar or Wilson Gulch at South Pass, Wyoming , you may have found all of this heavy, nagging, white to brown quartz that was impossible to pan out. Well, it probably wasn't quartz. With a shortwave ultraviolet light, this heavy quartz likely will fluoresce blue-white simply because it was not quartz, but instead is scheelite , a tungsten ore found in some of the gold ore at the Burr and Hidden Hand mines Hausel, When found,on public land, placers can often be claimed under the mining law.

But if you want the lode under the placer, you better look at filing a lode claim too. Take a close look at this sample. Other minerals of potential economic interest with relatively high specific gravity may occur in gold placers such as cassiterite, scheelite and a host of gemstones including ruby , sapphire, gem-garnet , diamond , platinum, and palladium. While prospecting for diamonds in the Laramie Mountains in southeastern Wyoming, several samples with trace amounts of ruby and sapphire were recovered along with heavy minerals Hausel and others, ; Hausel, These were eroded from nearby, undiscovered, corundum sapphire, ruby mica schists and gneisses.

How do you tell if you have ruby or sapphire in your gold pan? Look at crystal habit. The habit is the common form of the crystal. Ruby and sapphire form hexagonal crystals that are bounded by two pinacoids basically flat surfaces. And one prospector Paul Boden found a couple of excellent gem-quality octahedral diamonds while searching for gold on Cortez Creek in the Medicine Bow Mountains, Wyoming, and another prospector Frank Yassai found several diamonds in Rabbit Creek, Colorado while prospecting for gold. Another sample collected on my field trips for the public. Visible gold is seen in every vug in the piece of quartz found.

So what did the State do? This likely multi-billion dollar gold deposit was purchased by. South Pass City historic site where the state now collects. During erosion of bedrock, these heavy minerals mix with abundant light-colored, glassy, transparent to opaque minerals with low to average specific gravity such as quartz, apatite, feldspar, and mica. Along with these, minerals with high specific gravity are slowly moved in streams with moderate to high water velocity. The sediment carrying capacity of a stream diminishes with decreased velocity. The heavy minerals concentrate by settling out where diminished velocity occurs; such areas are marked by a distinct increase in black sands.

Heavy minerals tend to concentrate at the bottom of a stream along the leading edge of stream meanders, behind obstructions i. Since many streams lack sufficient velocity to carry gold for any great distance, much of the gold in these streams particularly where it is concentrated in pay streaks is probably transported during flash flooding events or during heavy spring runoff. The distances heavy minerals can be transported are not known with any accuracy. Some minerals can be transported great distances. For example, because diamond is to times harder than any other mineral and is not very heavy specific gravity of 3.

In southern Africa, diamonds are found in kimberlite pipes, in stream and river placers and in extremely rich beach placers along the west coast of the continent. Such great transportation distances for gold are not possible. Gold is too heavy specific gravity of 15 to In some unusual cases, gold may be transported greater than normal distances while in solution. In Alaska, geologist Paul Graff identified gold that had crystallized in nuggets downstream from nearby lode deposits. Maximum transportation distances for gold in solution is unknown. The color change upper arrows more than 1 foot above the gold pan circled mark the site of a pay streak in Smith Gulch discovered by prospectors Hank Hudspeth and Buddy Presgrove.

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This streak was produced during a flash flooding or unusually high spring runoff. A second pay streak was found at the base of the open cut near the standing water lower arrow. Even though this placer was located in a dry drainage when mined, it was immediately down slope from several lode deposits that provided a favorable site for gold concentration. At this point, the prospectors had not yet reached bedrock, where there is likely another pay streak.

Flash flooding events appear to be important in forming pay streaks of gold and diamonds. Pay streaks, or lenses of gold-enriched gravel, are often found in zones of coarser-grained pebbles and cobbles. The pay streaks may be scattered over one or more intervals in a vertical column of gravel. Schematic showing development of meander. Through time, the meander may mature, leaving deposits on the inside banks as the stream migrates. Where meanders occur in streams, gold may concentrate on the inside of the initial curve in the channel, as well as in the bank point bar on the upstream part of the inner meander where gold was deposited in the past.

As an example, one of my favorite places to take students in the past in my prospecting courses was near Bobbie Thompson adjacent to a historical gold placer in Douglas Creek , Wyoming. Here the bank gravel sits away from the active stream, but contains enough gold to keep the interest of the students. Gold Road Lode vein in northwestern. In addition to modern placers, some regions contain paleoplacers.

Places like Wyoming and the Witwatersrand of South Africa are famous for paleoplacers scattered over large regions. Today, they have the deepest mines on earth. In Wyoming, most paleoplacers have either not been prospected, or only have been cursory examined at best, even though it is a safe bet that economic gold deposits occurs in some of these. Paleoplacers are simply fossil placers that were deposited by streams or by wave action along prehistoric seas in the geologic past.

In most cases, these may not lie anywhere near an active stream or sea today; thus, mining would either require transporting water to the paleoplacer, or transporting material from the paleoplacer to water. Note all of the rounded boulders and cobbles typically found in active streams and rivers. Where the paleoplacer consists of relatively unconsolidated gravel, it can be mined in a manner similar to a sand and gravel operation.

If the operation is located near a road, the sand and gravel by-product can be used in road construction. Conversely, gold can be extracted as a by-product of sand and gravel operations. For example, gold was found in several sand and gravel operations and placers adjacent to Interstate 80 in southern Wyoming Hausel and others, Where paleoplacers are extremely old and well consolidated, such as in the Witwatersrand, the gold is typically mined underground.

Gold recovered the dry paleoplacer near. And there are smaller ones in between. The southern paleoplacer was reported by Love and others of the US Geological Survey to contain more than Along the northern flank of the Seminoe Mountains greenstone belt, the Miracle Mile paleoplacer is unexplored even though myself and field assistants recovered gold from the dry paleoplacers nearly everywhere we sampled.

This paleoplacer was discovered by prospectors Charlie and Donna Kortes, also contains dozens of G10 pyrope garnets that indicate somewhere in this region is a very rich diamond deposit or deposits. Keep your eyes out for diamonds when looking in any placer or paleoplacer! Paleoplacers in the Medicine Bow and Sierra Madre Mountains in southern Wyoming yielded some gold and diamonds, but are rich in uranium and thorium. One might think of lode deposits as veins or other consolidated rocks that contain anomalously high quantities of metal e. Many lodes occur as distinct quartz veins.

These may form linear to tabular masses of quartz within country rock. This auriferous quartz vein in metatonalite at the Mary Ellen mine at South Pass was offset along a small, reverse fault. Lodes are considered in situ deposits in hard rock. When pyrite oxidizes, it produces sulfuric acid and rust a massive sulfide deposit of pyrite will smell like rotten eggs, and a massive arsenopyrite deposit will smell like garlic, and both can have considerable gold and silver , resulting in a gossan at the surface and a potential supergene zone a mineral deposit, or enrichment, formed by descending fluids a few tens of feet below the surface.

Gossans are the oxidized sulfide-rich parts of veins and other mineral deposits that have a distinct, rusty appearance. These gossans offer excellent visual guides in the search for gold and other mineral deposits. In any historic mining district, you will often find dozens, if not hundreds, of old prospect pits dug into the rusty rocks.

Note all of the red to light. These are gossans that contain significant amounts. Gossans are good places to search for high-grade gold in lodes. The recognition of gossans in the field can be very helpful to the prospector. For example, gossans produced from the leaching of pyrite are typically very rusty reddish-brown in appearance; gossans produced from arsenopyrite are typically greenish-yellow. Gossans are so important that an entire book was written on their different characteristics Blanchard, Large gossans that cover several acres may be situated over giant sulfide-enriched veins or massive sulfide deposits.

One of the better places to look for specimen-grade gold samples is within gossans containing boxworks. Boxworks is a distinct vuggy and rusty rock. This specimen of boxworks exhibits pore spaces formed where sulfide minerals use to be. The sulfides were leached and removed. At Bradley Peak in the Seminoe Mountains, I found nearly a dozen of these samples and started a gold rush in Even this area remains essentially unexplored to this day!

Some faults and associated breccias may also be mineralized. Breccias are zones of broken rock containing distinct angular rock clasts. When found, gold may occur in the matrix of the strongly limonite-stained gossan surrounding rock fragments. Other faults, known as shears, may also be mineralized. These shear zones consist of granulated rock. Within many shears, gold is often found associated with rust-stained quartz.

Many shear zones, particularly those in greenstone belts, have been quite productive for gold. In some gold mining districts in the world, nearly every foot of the exposed shear zone has been prospected at the surface. A breccia angular fragments cemented by quartz - a good place to check for gold. Such breccias are formed in faults or by the release of gas under pressure which produces a breccia pipe. Note the difference between the breccia with angular rock fragments left and the Tertiary-age about 30 million years old paleoplacer with rounded pebbles below left and the stretched pebble conglomerate very old paleoplacer nearly 2 billion years old below right All three can contain gold.

Many veins have sporadic gold values with localized ore shoots enriched in gold. Some of these shoots may be enriched to times the average value of the vein. The challenge given the prospector is how to recognize these shoots. Ore shoots can be structurally or chemically controlled. Chemically controlled ore shoots may occur where there was a chemical reaction between the mineralizing fluids and country rock. Any where an igneous rock hot comes in contact with a reactive rock such as limestone is a great place to find gold and other minerals.

Paleoplacer with stretched pebbles from the Medicine Bow Mountains, WY These ancient stream deposits were later deformed under great pressure that flattened and stretched the pebbles in the rock. Such rock sometimes contain gold, uranium and even diamonds - basically any type of heavy mineral that would have been carried in rivers more than 2. When searching for structurally controlled ore shoots, it is necessary to look for places where one would expect the pressure to have decreased along vein systems.

Some structurally controlled ore shoots are found in folds. Many fold closures in gold-bearing veins will be enriched in gold. Another type of structurally controlled ore shoot includes vein intersections. Some intersections of gold-bearing veins have been dramatically enriched in gold. The shear zone in the background is rich in gold [average grade reported at 0. Although not visible to the untrained eye, this giant gold-bearing structure lies in a large fold in the shear.

The ore zone is feet long, nearly 1, feet wide and continues to a minimum depth of feet and likely a few thousand feet deep. There are many other types of structurally and chemically controlled ore shoots. For example, while prospecting in the Gold Hill district in the Medicine Bow Mountains of Wyoming, I noted gold was almost exclusively found in veins adjacent to amphibolite. The same veins in quartzite were unproductive.

Additional information on ore shoots can be found in various books on economic geology and ore deposits see Earll and others, ; Evans, ; and Peters, Most people have a difficult time identifying gold at first.


Gold is very heavy! It is 15 to 19 times heavier than water, it is malleable it will easily scratch with a pocket knife , and has a distinct gold color that does not tarnish. Most people mistaken mica, pyrite fool's gold , or chalcopyrite copper-fool's gold for real gold. These latter minerals are brittle and will crush to a fine greenish black powder. But don't be fooled. Some pyrite fool's gold may contain up to 30 parts per million gold hidden in the crystal structure about an ounce per ton. To test for this gold, you will either have to assay, or powder the pyrite and pan it for gold.

Where to Find and What to Look for When Gold Prospecting and Panning

And chalcopyrite may have as much as 20 parts per million gold hidden in its crystal structure. Large specimen of mica muscovite shows a mirror-like surface, bronze-color, and will break into tiny pieces by a pocket knife unlike gold. Tiny mica flakes will easily move around in a gold pan while panning. As you pan, if the gold material stays flat on the surface of your pan and is difficult to move, it may be gold.

However, if it moves easily, rotates or spins in the water, it is not gold. Mica is hard to pan out of a gold pan simply because it is essentially 2-dimensional and will cut through the water like a knife. Gold in the pan is angular, heavy and a brightly yellow-gold color. It does not have mirror-like surfaces and will stay put in the pan. Pyrite will crush to a greenish black powder and the same with chalcopyrite photo of gold from Dickie Springs, Wyoming courtesy of Dr. The search for productive gold deposits requires a good background in prospecting and economic geology as well as some luck.

However, there are literally hundreds of occurrence and deposits in nearly every state in the West including Alaska. The best way to begin prospecting is to get a book that describes the gold mines and placers and visit these as I have found there are always many deposits near old gold mines that have been overlooked.

This is how I found more than a hundred gold deposits and anomalies. An understanding of geology also helps: I found an entirely new gold district Rattlesnake Hills in the early s that was missed by everyone else, simply because of the geology. It had very favorable geology and is currently being explored and drilled by several companies even though I discovered this district nearly 30 years ago!

I was also on the discovery team of the giant Donlin Creek gold deposit in Alaska.

UK's largest gold nugget found by man who lay in Scottish river for hours

Part of our discovery team Rob Retherford, Bruce Hikock, Toni Hinderman had recognized that some place gold at Donlin Creek was like corn flakes, very angular. Yet this discovery occurred all the way back in and the gold deposit, considered one of the largest in the world, still is not being mined but is under exploration. So, get hold of books in your area that describe where gold deposits are found. Pick out the exciting areas and look at the deposit described in a book and look around for what the old prospectors missed they missed a lot!

Search for publications at your local geological survey usually they have a few good publications. If you are in Wyoming, I published numerous books that are available on the Internet, the University of Wyoming bookstore and the Wyoming Geological Survey. In particular, get copies of Bulletin 68 and 70 and Report of Investigations If in Arizona , there are likely hundreds of lode gold deposits that have been missed because of so many eluvial placers with no reported gold source the gold came from somewhere!

Colorado and California have hundreds of possibilities, but personally, I would look in Arizona, Wyoming, Montana and Alaska. Myself and my son Eric who is also a geologist, are currently writing a couple of books on gold and we will tell you exactly where to look. And enormous gossan exposed at the United Verde mine in Arizona. This property was mined for copper, gold, silver and zinc over many decades and then it was closed. Was it mined out? No - few mines are ever mined out. It is just that the economics prior to the s made it uneconomic to mine.

It is reported that the former miners did not recover the low-grade zinc and copper ore that likely contains more than a million ounces of gold. Remember, old mining districts often contain many opportunities.

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Fisher dredge on Rock Creek, South Pass, Wyoming showing unmined ground While you are looking for gold deposits, remember, there are probably just as many if not more gemstone and diamond deposits that have been missed by prospectors and geologists. I recently found a major field of cryptovolcanic structures that are likely diamondiferous kimberlites sitting right along Interstate 80 west of the State Capitol of Wyoming.

With a good arm, one could probably hit some of these with a rock next to the interstate. These remain unexplored and were just discovered a couple of years ago! Some of these are so obvious, that it makes one wonder what everyone has been doing. Take for instance the Cedar Ridge opal deposit. Probably the largest opal deposit in North America was sitting right on the side of the main highway to Riverton, Wyoming and exposed in numerous road cuts in an oil and gas field and in a pipeline - but totally overlooked. Even after the announcement of this major field in , it still remains pretty much unexplored!