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Table of contents
- Accessibility links
- A guide to Jizo, guardian of travelers and the weak
- BBC - Travel - The eerie grave of , monks
- Your Japanese Funeral Starts With Cremation
Cherubs - The graves of children. Cherub's Head - The soul. Children - Usually represent the untimely death of the innocent. They may be shown mourning a parent, but if holding a skull that means they are dead themselves. Child Sleeping - Sleep is the tie between life and death; children are purity, artlessness, and innocence Chrisma - A cross like shape formed by a combination of two Greek letters, chi X and rho P corresponding to CH and R of the word, Christ, hence a symbol for Jesus Christ.
Circle - Eternity or Earth. Cornucopia — A fruitful life. Cradle - Infant or child Crossed keys - St. In psychoanalysis it signifies human emotions. It also can represent new beginnings and opportunities. Clouds- Atmospheric veil which conceals God from his worshipers. Coat of Arms - High social status and family lineage. Columns, with archway - Heavenly entrance.
Crescent Moon — Virgin.
Cross and Anchor - Another early Christian symbol referring to Christ as "hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sincere and steadfast" Hebrews 6: Crescent Most often with a star - The deceased was probably a Muslim. Crown - Immortality, righteousness, victory, triumph, resurrection, symbolic of honor or glory, glory of life after death. May be shown being offered to those on Earth by Angels. Cross with Rays of Rising Sun - Glory. Cross with Winding Sheet - Descent from the cross. Crown on a cross - Sovereignty of the Lord. Draperies, with their fancy frills and tassels, are more elaborate than a simple shroud.
They allow the expression of mourning to linger long after the body has been taken out the front door and the accoutrements have been stowed for the next death in the family. Curtains can also set the stage. Parted, they reveal a telling excerpt. What is important in such displays is the main actor or central object of the stone.
Father Time — Mortality. Field artillery rare - The military profession. Flag — Patriotism or member of the armed services. Figure with Dart — Mortality. Finger - Pointing to heaven up. Sudden death or God reaching down for the soul pointing down. Fluer-de-lis - Trinity, Virgin. Flyfot Gammadion, Hakenkreuz , swastika - Swastika. Garlands - Victory in death. Gateway - Carries much of the same symbolism as the door but the destination is less personal. It represents entrance to greater areas, the mystical, heaven or hell, spiritual palace. A series of gateways can represent the stages of enlightenment.
In dream interpretation, the gateway invites self-exploration. It is a symbol of initiation, passing through the gateway into a new state of being. Grim Reaper - Death personified.
Hammer - This tool, used in building and shaping, represents the power of creation. Cecilia, patron saint of musicians. Symbolic of worship in heaven, hope. Heart -Charity; the soul in bliss, love of Christ. Horns - The Resurrection. Hourglass - Time's inevitable passing, attribute of death and Father Time, represents the passage of time and the shortness of life.
Hourglass On its side - That time has stopped for the deceased. Incense - Worship, prayer, adoration. Keys - Keys stand for spiritual knowledge or, if held in the hands of an angel or saint, the means to enter heaven. Knot - The interlaced Celtic knot represents resurrection and life everlasting.
Since the Roman emperor Constantine I used this symbol on his shield, overcame his enemy in battle, and consequently converted to Christianity, the labarum has been a symbol of Christianity. In pre-Christian Greece it signified a good omen. It also represented the Chaldean sky god. Labyrinth - The passage of life. Lamb of Christ — Religious dedication and beliefs. Ladder - Passion, Jacob, aspiration.
Lamp - Knowledge, a love of learning, and the immortality of the Spirit. Lighthouse — Resting place of a lighthouse keeper or someone with inspired vision. Lyre - harp A recognition of musical talents. Symbol of Christian love and chastity; divine harmony; attribute of Greek god Apollo; common symbol of music and poetry source. Masonic Compass and Set-square - Freemasons combine religious and construction and architectural forms in their symbols. Viewing God as the architect and builder of the universe, Freemasonry intends to build the temple of humanity through self-improvement with stone-masonry work.
The compass, used in geometric calculations, symbolizes creation and the spirit. The set-square draws perfect right angles, so represents uprightness and lawfulness. The compass and the square measure things, so they symbolize judgment. They also represent geometry, and the union of the sky the compass's circle and the earth the square. The letter "G" in this symbol represents God, geometry and geomancy. Compasses and a mason's square also were the emblems of the Chinese emperor Fu Hsi.
Moon - Death and rebirth. Muskets rare — Military profession, professional huntsman. Nimbus - Circle of disk around arms of cross; crown of thorns, eternity.
Orbs as Celestial Bodies - The reward of the resurrection. Orbs as Effigies - The soul. Palette and brushes - The artist's accolade. Pall, Pick, Spade — Mortality. Commonly used in 17th and 18th century New England. Pinwheels - This new phenomenon brings motion to otherwise still graveyards. First appearing on the graves of children, pinwheels now can be seen on the graves of adults.
The continual movement suggests constancy, perhaps of affection. The wind which propels the tiny mills evokes the spirit. As with all the symbols mentioned in this glossary, people may choose to use them to express these meanings or just because they are pretty. Pitcher — Jewish symbol - Traditional symbolism for Levites would have been the pitcher or ewer, representative of washing the hands of the High Priests. Portals - Passageway to eternal journey. Red Lettering - Chinese tombstones often appear before the decease of the commemorated.
Red lettering shows that the person named is still alive. When that person dies, the stonecutter comes and repaints the letters in white. Rings — A married couple. Rocks - Everlasting strength in Eternity, referring also to foundation.
- The eerie grave of 200,000 monks;
- How Not to Become a Philosophical Pervert in Five Easy Steps.
- BBC navigation?
- The Typical Japanese Grave.
- The Philistines and Aegean Migration at the End of the Late Bronze Age;
Rod or staff — Comfort. Rope - Eternity, Binding and Connection. In Egyptian hieroglyphics, a knotted cord signifies a man's name, a symbol of an individual's existence. In Vedic teaching, the silver cord "expresses the sacred, inner path which binds the outer consciousness of man his intellect with his spiritual essence". Rosary — Symbol of constant prayer for a loved one.
Scales - Justice, balance. Originating in Chaldea as the mystic symbol of justice, it represents the equivalence of guilt and punishment. From the zodiacal archetype of Libra it represents immanent justice, the idea that guilt automatically unleashes the forces that bring self-destruction and punishment. Scarab - An ancient Egyptian emblem symbolizing the renewal of life. When shown with falcon's wings it represents transcendence and protection. Scallop - Symbol of the Crusades, pilgrim, pilgrim's journey, resurrection, life everlasting, connotes one's life journey.
A symbol of birth and resurrection, a traditional symbol of the Puritans. Scroll - Symbol of life and time. Both ends rolled up indicate a life that is unfolding like a scroll of uncertain length and the past and future hidden. Often held by a hand, representing life being recorded by angels. Can also suggest honor and commemoration. Scythe - Death, the divine harvest. Sextant - A symbol of a navigator or explorer. Shattered Urn - Someone Old. Shell - The use of shell in burials is pre-Christian in practice and pre-dates even Egyptian burial practices. Shell is symbolic of fertility, resurrection and pilgrimage.
Shells, coins and small stones are the traditional objects left at grave sites. There are several meanings given to this act. It may be a symbolic referral to the ancient custom of burying the dead under a cairn of rocks to protect the body from scavenging animals, or a reminder that the individual is not forgotten.
Ship - The grave of a seafarer. Sickle - Death as the "last harvest". Skeleton - The personification of death. Skull - Death; sin; with crossbones — mortality. Sphinx - One of many neo-Egyptian designs along with obelisks and pyramids which have crept into modern cemeteries. Two kinds of sphinxes appear: Both feature the head and torso of a human creature grafted to the body of a lion. Like foo dogs, sphinxes guard the tomb.
Star - Stars stand for the spirit, piercing the darkness as an expression of their triumph against the overwhelming odds of oblivion. Five pointed stars represent the spirit rising to heaven. Steps - A common symbol used around the world, steps generally mean Ascension, Stages or Levels.
A guide to Jizo, guardian of travelers and the weak
The number of steps brings the meaning of numbers into the interpretation as does the symbolism of any objects that surround or are a part of the steps. In Romanesque art, steps represent the relationship between worlds. In many religions steps, or a ladder, are seen as the path to god. For alchemists of the Middle Ages, steps were associated with the transmutation process. Sun - God or the Son. Sun setting — Death. Suns, Moons and Stars - The reward of the resurrection. Sun- Half - Can symbolize both the beginning and the end of life.
The sun is also a symbol of heaven and the journey to heaven. Sundial - Passage of time. Sword - A military career. Swords, crossed - indicates death in battle. Tao Symbol - The Tao or the Way shows the totality of the universe -- the light and the dark, the male and the female -- always in harmonious opposition. As we find it in cemeteries, it speaks to our relationship with the dead beneath our feet and to the process of life which includes death. The tao also serves as an emblem of religious belief or nationality, signifying one's Buddhist or Taoist faith.
Three points, three stars, three of anything - Trinity. Torch - lit or upright torch represents life, the inverted or extinguished - death. Toys - The loss of a child can devastate a family. Flowers did not seem enough to families. Perhaps the custom of adorning children's graves with toys began with a sibling leaving a cherished possession at the graveside. The act shows that the feeling of relationship with the deceased remains after death, even if the child died in infancy.
Trumpets - Victory and resurrection. Urn - Greek symbol of mourning, the body as a vessel of the soul, originating as a repository for the ashes of the dead in ancient times - a popular symbol of mourning. Most represent an ossuary. In several examples an Angel is looking inside it as if to inspect the contents. A flame is sometimes shown coming from the Urn. They are often draped with a cloth or festooned with a wreath or garland. This fashion of Urn's persisted well into the 's at least.
Urn, draped - Connotes death, often of an older person. Urn with flame - Undying friendship; eternal flame. Vessel with flame - The eternal flame or the eternal spirit of man. Winged face - Effigy of the soul of the deceased. Winged globe - A symbol of the Egyptian sun god, Re; on Victorian monuments it is symbolic of the power that can recreate and, with the wings, means, "God, Lord over all, creator.
Winged skull - Flight of the soul from mortal man. Winged Sun Disk - This is an ancient Egyptian symbol which represents the journey of the sun. Ra was the creator of the world, ancestor of the pharaohs and god of the sun symbolized by the solar disk and skies symbolized by the wings. The winged sun disk symbolizes the life-giving power of the sun and the spiritual attributes of the heavens. Winged wheel - The Holy Spirit. Woman with or without Bible pointing upward — Faith. Woman hanging onto Cross - Faith.
Original drawing accompanied Rev. Yoke - Bearing service. These symbolic connections of flowers with emotion are cross-cultural and their origins are unknown. During the s, the use of floral symbolism became so popular that almost every flower known had a symbolic gesture attached to it. The following are some symbolic references to common plants and flowers. Acacia - Immortality of soul. Acanthus - Heavenly garden. One of the oldest cemetery motifs, acanthus is associated with the rocky ground where most ancient Greek cemeteries were placed. It is the most common motif found on memorials.
Acorn - As the seed of the oak, the acorn is a symbol of potential. In Norse and Celtic culture, acorns symbolized life, fertility and immortality. Druids ate acorns, believing them to have prophetic qualities, and acorns were sacred to the god Thor whose Tree of Life was the oak. Almond - Favor from God, virgin birth. Anemone - Those of this flower which are the color of blood represent the transience of life.
Apple - Sin, Eve.
BBC - Travel - The eerie grave of , monks
Ash - Nordic peoples thought that the planting of an ash tree brought about the death of the planter or a near relation or his unborn children. The mountain ash or rowan deters evil spirits from bothering the dead. The precise nature of the diabolicals' allergy to the rowan is unknown. Asphodel - The classic flower of death said to cover the Elysian Fields. Its name is said to mean "field of ashes" or "the beheaded". The use of this flower as the base for a liqueur has certainly caused many an imbiber to feel as if his head has dropped off. Bamboo - The emblem of Buddha. The seven-knotted bamboo denotes the seven degrees of initiation and invocation in Buddhism.
On Japanese memorials, symbolic of devotion and truthfulness. Beans - The magical fruit was forbidden to initiates of the Orphic Mysteries because of their association with spirits of the dead. One wonders if the ancients observed in flatulence the same spiritual properties that they saw in smoke and banned beans for the less pleasant odor which they affected upon digestion. Birch - The ancient Celts covered their dead with birch branches, perhaps to infuse them with the stuff necessary for a successful afterlife.
Bouquets - Condolences; grief. Boxwood - Box wood has long been used to make coffins. Bristlecone Pines - Bristlecone pines are among the oldest living things on earth. In the dry climate of eastern California, the wood resists rot for centuries. The people of Mono and Inyo counties, California, place twisted burls on their graves, perhaps to symbolize eternal life.
Buds - Renewal of life. Calla lily - Symbolizes marriage. Cherry - The non-fruiting, Japanese cherry blossom represents perfection of virtue and existence. As the blossom withers and succumbs to the inevitable wrecking of the wind, it represents to the Japanese the ideal of the Perfect Death. Chrysanthemum - Where in Europe this flower represents the harvest, the Japanese see the sun, immortality, and the perpetuity of the Imperial Family. Cinquefoil - Maternal affection, beloved daughter. To begin with - I am in general not a fan of comic book series. And I am definitely not a fan of manga although I presume true connoisseur would barely call this comic manga-esque?
To quantify my statement: The Red Star is set in Russia within an alternate historical timeline, where spirits and esoteric power is an undisputed fact. The Reds might be referring to Communists, but it might just as well be a reference to the star as something else. Although the feeling is of deep Communist Russia.
Your Japanese Funeral Starts With Cremation
I fell in love with the atmosphere of this novel and the superb imaginative new concepts that are introduced. Just enough is left for the reader's imagination to make it all the more plausible. The pictures themselves are wonderful, almost movie-like in intensity and communicate all the more feeling and urgency by their almost sensual choreography. The story's background is the only half-negative aspect - a love story which is slightly juvenile. But not so much that it put me off.
When it comes to the material quality - I am not familiar with any of the other printed versions of this series, so I cannot compare the material quality. But this edition looks and feels great. So, if you can stomach occult space opera-style communism in comic book form - don't look any further, you've found what you are looking for! Bob rated it it was ok Nov 28, Devi rated it liked it Dec 25, Eric rated it it was amazing Aug 15, Nuno Gil Franco rated it really liked it May 15, Phil rated it liked it Jun 29, Matti Pekkola rated it it was amazing May 09, Steven Perez rated it really liked it Nov 24, Pexa rated it really liked it Aug 11, Riggins rated it it was amazing Jun 18, Minna rated it liked it Oct 06, Brandon rated it it was ok Sep 25, Steve Plekan marked it as to-read May 14, Jason Reichner added it May 30, John Morgan marked it as to-read Oct 18, Gary Khangura marked it as to-read Aug 26, Gwynplaine marked it as to-read Sep 02, Will Abel marked it as to-read Jul 11, Mark marked it as to-read Sep 04, Jenny added it Dec 12, Charles Mcgregor marked it as to-read Nov 16, A stone path, faintly lit with lanterns, snaked under the towering hemlock and umbrella pine trees.
We cautiously walked down it and plunged into the embrace of a sacred 1,year-old forest. It felt like we were being watched. And perhaps we were. It dates back to at least AD, and every inch of it is sacred. But right now, it only felt creepy. View image of Okunoin Cemetery is deep in an ancient forest Credit: Or as we say in the west: My husband Ralph had arranged our visit to Koya-san as part of his two month sabbatical in Japan.
Getting to Koya-san prepared us for the quiet to come. As with most places in Japan, bullet train is the most efficient way to get there. The last leg of the journey was a scenic five-minute funicular ride from Gokuraku-bashi Station that shot straight up an m-high mountain, leaving the modern world and all its trappings below. An impenetrable stillness filled the cold spring air.