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Ultimately, Nietzsche concludes that it is "immoralists" such as himself who have the highest respect for inherent worth of individuals because they do not value one person's approach to life over any others. In the chapter The Four Great Errors , he suggests that people, especially Christians, confuse the effect for the cause, and that they project the human ego and subjectivity on to other things, thereby creating the illusionary concept of being , and therefore also of the thing-in-itself and God.

In reality, motive or intention is "an accompaniment to an act" [9] rather than the cause of that act. By removing causal agency based on free, conscious will, Nietzsche critiques the ethics of accountability, suggesting that everything is necessary in a whole that can neither be judged nor condemned, because there is nothing outside of it. Men were thought of as free so that they could become guilty: Today, when we have started to move in the reverse direction, when we immoralists especially are trying with all our might to remove the concept of guilt and the concept of punishment from the world and to purge psychology, history, nature, the social institutions and sanctions of them, there is in our eyes no more radical opposition than that of the theologians, who continue to infect the innocence of becoming with 'punishment' and 'guilt' by means of the concept of the 'moral world-order'.

Christianity is a hangman's metaphysics. The Four Great Errors. In this passage, Nietzsche proclaims his lack of belief of an objective morality, stating that there is no such thing as moral fact. With this information, he lists two examples of cases where moralization of mankind was attempted, despite the lack of complete moral truth. The people pushing for this morality are called 'improvers' by Nietzsche, the quotes representing the fact that these certain people fail at their goal of improving man.

The first of these examples is that of religion. In this example, Nietzsche tells a fictional story of a priest who converts a man to Christianity , in order to keep him moral. However, his man eventually falls into basic human instinct such as lust, and is thus labeled as a sinner.

Afterwords, the man is full of hatred, and is ostracized by others. The priest in this story represents the 'improver,' as he attempts to moralize someone, but only makes the man's life miserable.

The Twilight of the Idols; or, How to Philosophize with the Hammer. The

The second of these examples is that of the caste system in India. This system made an attempt of moralizing man by method of demoting and dehumanizing the Dalit who were at the very bottom of society. The 'improvers' in this scenario are those who perpetuate the caste system, and contribute to the dehumanization of the Dalit for the goal of moralization. In examining German society of his day, Nietzsche attributes any advantage Germans hold over other European countries to basic ethical virtues and not to any cultural sophistication.

Nietzsche attributes the decline he sees in the sophistication in German thought to prioritizing politics over the intellect. The state and culture are in tension because one of the pair thrives at the expense of the other. Culture and the state--one should not deceive oneself over this--are antagonists: The one lives off the other, the one thrives at the expense of the other. All great cultural epochs are epochs of political decline: Nietzsche also attributes this decline in the German intellect to problems he saw in higher education in his day.

First, Nietzsche calls into question the qualifications of college instructors, insisting on the need for "educators who are themselves educated. Second, he is highly critical of opening colleges and universities to all classes of society, because when stripped of its "privilege," the quality of higher education declines. He believes Christians to be weak and fools, something which I heartedly disagree with.

Oct 30, Kam rated it it was amazing. My first true reading experience of Nietzsche. Even if you disagree with them, the thought that goes into this, the imagination, the excellent questions and questioning -- everybody should read this guy! There is no doubt that Nietzsche was a great thinker, this is apparent in these two works.

It is also quite apparent he was a terrible man. Twilight of the Idols: Rife with contradiction, I got the impression much was said for shock value. He uses the Sudra to show the horrors morality supposedly inflicts on social classes, but immediately afterwards laments the equality we are faced with today. A more amusing contradiction, however, is his take on morality as a concept. He writes that "[moral j There is no doubt that Nietzsche was a great thinker, this is apparent in these two works.

He writes that "[moral judgement] believes in realities which do not exist" only to immediately follow with: Either morality is based on something non-existent, or it is a mis interpretation of a concrete "phenomenon", it cannot be both. Later in The Anti-christ I believe he says something to the extent of "man must find his morals out for himself" which leads me to believe Nietzsche held a much milder view than he puts on in his writing.

It was just overpowered by a bitter hatred towards his contemporary man and the acceptance of any form of doctrinal authority. Which leads me to The Anti-christ: There is not much to say here other than he had a very tenuous understanding of spiritual and mystical experience outside his culture and time.

But in a way he describes very well the rise of a controlling priestly class albeit to much exaggeration. I was quite surprised at how sharp of an attack he made on modern institutionalized thought. I say thought and not religion or Christianity because his understanding of both is weak, and I specifically say modern because he fails to look at religion as a psychological complex in man as a whole. Which makes this work equally insightful and shallow in a manner that's vaguely amusing.

Although, I would say his concept of "faith" was the most irritating, logically it is the spiritual man who lacks faith and a belief in his world which drives him to seek it through an additional semiosis of myth and symbol, the man of science, on the other hand, is truly the "faithful" one since he accepts his reality without question. But these are not mainstream definitions, and such concepts of the spiritual do not apply to the masses of "believers" today.

Either way pursuing public validation on such matters is always irrelevant and harmful to our day to day life, and here I agree with Nietzsche.

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Dec 01, Jeremy Ra rated it it was amazing Shelves: Misinterpreted and abused, the infamy of Nietzsche needs no further comment. Even Nietzsche himself has foreseen what might become of his theories when he dedicated the book to all and none. Yet his mysterious aphorisms completely altered the course of intellectual current, and the thoughts that he provoked are still radical and surprising, not to mention relevant. Although known best by many to have authored the Will to Power, the sagacity that Nietzsche possessed culminates in its fullest gran Misinterpreted and abused, the infamy of Nietzsche needs no further comment.

Although known best by many to have authored the Will to Power, the sagacity that Nietzsche possessed culminates in its fullest grandeur in this volume, as he teases out the truth with ironic tone and paradoxical phrases. As has been done many times before or exactly because of it , the temptation remains to cast him as a mad man which is in fact often times done as fragments of his arguments get misappropriated by vile historical figures. But his core message here is textually unambiguous: Feb 22, Andrew added it Shelves: Oh Friedrich, how I love a polemic What so many people don't realize about Nietzsche, I think, is how secretly Nietzschean they themselves are.

Recommended to all snarky antitheists, die-hard materialists, and general rabble-rousers. What are the idols facing Nietzsche's imminent wrath? Socrates, Christianity, Christian concepts sin, grace, redemption, etc and their imaginary causal circuitry, and in general every ideal of decadence that promotes the Beyond to the detriment and the denigration of the here and now, the actuality.

The Real World at last became a myth Even if you don't completely buy into Nietzsche's vitalist assumptions, and his"unmasking" of [Christianity] morality as a surface appearance assumed by the m What are the idols facing Nietzsche's imminent wrath? Even if you don't completely buy into Nietzsche's vitalist assumptions, and his"unmasking" of [Christianity] morality as a surface appearance assumed by the more subterrean phenomenon of "instinct" even life denying instincts are, in the last instance, instincts that flow from the declining type of life, e. In my understanding, this is because he goes not after the veracity of this or that doctrinal belief but after the very type and the psychology of the individual say, Jesus who might harbor these beliefs.

Here one of the more provocative and for that reason all the more thought provoking suggestion offered by Nietzsche is that Christianity, the Gospels, the Church and Paul is a monumental misunderstanding, falsification even, of the original practice, meaning and symbol of Jesus, the bringer of 'glad tidings'.

Jesus is not a redeemer, nor a hero nor a genius, nor did he sacrifice himself for our sins. The 'glad tidings' is precisely that there is no more animosity between God and man, or the Kingdom of God and the here and now. Feb 26, Taylor Pearson rated it really liked it Shelves: Thought the history of Christianity in the Antichrist was really thought-provoking.

Twilight of the Idols was a bit of a disappointment. I felt like he covered the same ground but better in On the Genealogy of Morals. Two brilliant, scorching works of pyrophilosphy produced as Nietzsche, that bright burning sun, went supernova. As delightful as all his writing is, he never wrote so wonderfully, so beautifully, in such an enrapturing, searing polemical style as he did in , when he produced Twilight of the Idols and The Anti-Christ. These works, alongside Zarathustra , represent a sort of summation of Nietzsche's passion - and this is what Nietzsche was: He was, indeed, a religious figure of sorts.

The Apostle of Dionysus. In these works, he dives deep and nearly touches the bottom. The two works are rightly published together. In Twilight , Nietzsche shreds every happy dogma of Pan-European civilization: The new German Empire is singled out for heavy punishment. The Germans, he says, were at the forefront of the European intellectual scene before they channeled their creative energies into creating their state.

They expressed contempt for the German spirit by giving it form in a state - just as one shows contempt for ideas by putting them into words. Culture and government are antithetical to one another; as one expands, the other contracts. Nietzsche reacts furiously against "modernity", of which the new German state is just a symptom. Everywhere, the aristocratic virtues are being muddied by "equality", which Nietzsche essentially takes to be the pious enforcement of mediocrity. The Great Men whom history produces periodically are no longer leading armies or occupying thrones - indeed, one is more likely to find them in prison, banished from the social order if they try to act on their higher morality Nietzsche was interested in Dostoyevsky's observation that the prison laborers of Siberia were often exceptional people, rather than the rabble he anticipated.

Nietzsche's assault on the depravity of contemporary European culture leads him to a final confrontation with what he believes to be the very origin, the birth-event, of depravity in Western Civilization - that is, Judeo-Christian religion - and this is his project in Anti-Christ. Judeo-Christianity, with its ultimate expression in Christianity itself, is to Nietzsche the ultimate life-denying doctrine. It is acetic where Nietzsche is aesthetic; it postulates another world, more important that this one, while Nietzsche believes in affirming life in this world.

It teaches pity ; Nietzsche values strength. The Jews elevated the priestly class due to their misfortunes; since they were so brutalized in the "natural" world, they placed "truth" in "unnaturalness". We shouldn't misunderstand Nietzsche's attack on the "otherworldlyness" of Christians.

Nietzsche is, himself, a rather otherworldly figure. He isn't a Richard Dawkins trying to point out the illogicality of the virgin birth or teach us about the "Magic of Reality". He understands the Christian message as one which offers a new way of being, a brotherhood of man bound by love. He is not merely being sardonic when he says that the only true Christian died on the cross. He speaks of the corruption of the Christian message in the same tones in which one would expect a devout Christian theologian to do so.

The distinction is, Nietzsche doesn't like the Christian message, either as taught by Jesus or systematized by the church fathers. He is an aristocratic spiritualist taking on the exoteric, egalitarian spiritualism of Platonic-Judeo-Christianity. One must regard Nietzsche as a great theologian. Apr 15, John Martindale rated it it was ok Shelves: I have a friend that shared with me how if there is no God, then Nietzsche makes perfect sense; for his philosophy naturally follows from the assumption that "God is dead".

Oh man, if this is so, then this books makes me desperately hope there is a God! Nietzsche scorns Christian morality, which is arguably the very foundation for western civilization. With fanatic zeal he tries to saw off the limb upon which he sits. With a moralistic passion he derides self-control, mercy, equality and kindnes I have a friend that shared with me how if there is no God, then Nietzsche makes perfect sense; for his philosophy naturally follows from the assumption that "God is dead".

With a moralistic passion he derides self-control, mercy, equality and kindness as vile wickedness that should be purged from the earth. Whereas the ideal world would be one that is in a continual state war, cruelty, struggle, injustice and evil. Oh you poor soul, You were born in the wrong place.

The Twilight of the Idols; or, How to Philosophize with the Hammer. The - Free Ebook

Oh if only you were born in some cannibalistic headhunting tribe in the Amazon. You would have been in your idea of heaven, but dang it, you'd never would have gotten a chance to write about it. Why should I heed? Its like you demand me to try to find oxygen on the ocean floor.

Twilight of the Idols/The Anti-Christ

You give me the recipe for a miserable, empty, meaningless life and then you act like I am the fool for not consuming it? You counsel me to be the slave of my animal passions, to chained myself to instinct and to be a faithful servant to my every irrational whim? You want me to cut away from myself all that is human until I am nothing more then a beast? You want me to work with you in shaving away from the world all that is beautiful, good and true? But yeah, with my emotional response out of the way. One thing I wish, is that it was possible for Sam Harris or one of the other "new atheist" to debate with Nietzsche on the topic of morality.

My question is who is right? Nietzsche or Sam Harris who after discarding God, clothes Christian morality in evolutionary and scientific garb, lest it be lost too. Read this quote by Nietzsche "They are rid of the Christian God and now believe all the more firmly that they must cling to Christian morality. In England one must rehabilitate oneself after every little emancipation from theology by showing in a veritably awe-inspiring manner what a moral fanatic one is.

That is the penance they pay there. We others hold otherwise. When one gives up the Christian faith, one pulls the right to Christian morality out from under one's feet. This morality is by no means self-evident: Christianity is a system, a whole view of things thought out together. By breaking one main concept out of it, the faith in God, one breaks the whole: Christianity presupposes that man does not know, cannot know, what is good for him, what evil: Christian morality is a command; its origin is transcendent; it is beyond all criticism, all right to criticism; it has truth only if God is the truth — it stands and falls with faith in God.

When the English actually believe that they know "intuitively" what is good and evil, when they therefore suppose that they no longer require Christianity as the guarantee of morality, we merely witness the effects of the dominion of the Christian value judgment and an expression of the strength and depth of this dominion: For the English, morality is not yet a problem. So much ink has been spilled on Nietzsche commentary that there's not much to say. Has the legacy of the Platonic, transmitted as it was through Judeo-Christian culture, robbed modern humanity of the earthly joys of living?

Is the rejection of the material world in favor of the spiritual a false duality that will haunt Western intellectual life forever? They're questions well worth considering. Jun 22, Brian rated it did not like it.

I've read a lot of different books in my lifetime. Nietzsche may have had a difficult life because of his illness. He may even have been an incredibly intelligent man. But he was also an ass. And I mean a Huge ass. I think he revels in it.

He also is an ego maniac. I knew going into this book that the man had an inflated ego and was strongly anti-christian. But he I've read a lot of different books in my lifetime.

But he is also against the uneducated which to him is anyone that didn't go to collage , has a low opinion of women, and is basically hateful of anyone who disagrees with him. I had a hard time reading this all the way through. Not because his writing style is challenging, although it can be at times, but because I felt the need for a shower. I'm not a christian. I don't like most organized religions. I'm not an atheist though. I have a strong belief in God.

And although I do blame the church whichever one is around for bringing a lot of pain and suffering to people, I also know that the churches of the world do some pretty fantastic things. And although it's not my cup of tea, I respect the desire for millions to go to church and show their faith. Nietzsche seems to think these people are the ones that have caused all the worlds problems and are the biggest idiots.

It's insulting, degrading, and even abusive. If your class at collage asks you to read this, then I feel sorry for you. If you choose to, then I hope it makes you feel as I did if not worse, And if you like it Mar 06, Brandon rated it did not like it. His arguments aren't with Christ, they're with two thousand years of mostly Catholic history. And people don't just "go" crazy, right? If he was crazy the year after he wrote this, can't you be safe in saying he was mostly crazy already? Jan 12, Gina rated it liked it. Nietzsche was an angry man. That's all I've got.

I'm completely taken aback by this read. This was my first time reading Nietzsche. I decided to start where I think he would have wanted me to begin - with The Twilight of the Idols which he conceived as a kind of introduction to his work. As an introduction, I suppose it served quite well - but it is, by its own definition, introductory. Paperback in Near Fine Plus condition. Minimal shelf wear, a couple of very minor scratches to the surfaces, pages, a little marking to the edge of the text block otherwise clean and without inscriptions, binding tight, spine has no reading creases.

Note this is the 19th printing, probably in the s. Price includes standard postage worldwide. Russell Books Ltd Condition: Eighth Day Books Published: Mega Buzz Inc Condition: Russell Books Ltd Published: NONE ] [ Writing: Reveals an understanding of human mean-spiritedness. Trade Paperback in Near Fine Condition.

Introduction by Michael Tanner. Bright, clean, unmarked wrappers, with details from "Where from? Trace wear to edges. Glued binding tight, square. Internals completely unmarked, very clean, no creases. Nietzsche was a German philosopher and cultural critic of the late 19th Century who challenged the beliefs of his time, with vitriolic assaults on institutionalized Christianity and the morality of his day, in particular that of Hegel, Kant, and Schopenhauer.