Guide Rwanda: Background and Current Developments

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This report discusses the current political conditions of Rwanda, including a brief historical overview. The report also includes information about.
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Major export markets include China, Germany, and the United States. Rwanda is a country of few natural resources, [16] and the economy is based mostly on subsistence agriculture by local farmers using simple tools. Crops grown in the country include coffee, tea, pyrethrum , bananas, beans, sorghum and potatoes. Coffee and tea are the major cash crops for export, with the high altitudes, steep slopes and volcanic soils providing favourable conditions. Reliance on agricultural exports makes Rwanda vulnerable to shifts in their prices.

Agricultural animals raised in Rwanda include cows, goats, sheep, pigs, chicken, and rabbits, with geographical variation in the numbers of each.

Rwanda: Background and Current Developments

Fishing takes place on the country's lakes, but stocks are very depleted, and live fish are being imported in an attempt to revive the industry. Rwanda has made tremendous strides in improving electrification in the 21st century. A great number of new areas has become electrified through an expansion of infrastructure.


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Depletion of the forests will eventually pressure Rwandans to turn to fuel sources other than charcoal for cooking and heating. Given the abundance of mountain streams and lakes, the potential for hydroelectric power is substantial. Rwanda is exploiting these natural resources through joint hydroelectric projects with Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Rwanda's manufacturing sector is dominated by the production of import substitutes for internal consumption. The larger enterprises produce beer, soft drinks, cigarettes, hoes, wheelbarrows, soap, mattresses, plastic pipe, roofing materials, and bottled water. Rwanda's service sector suffered during the lates recession as banks reduced lending and foreign aid projects and investment were reduced. Tourism is one of the fastest-growing economic resources and became the country's leading foreign exchange earner in Rwanda is one of only two countries in which mountain gorillas can be visited safely; gorilla tracking, in the Volcanoes National Park, attracts thousands of visitors per year, who are prepared to pay high prices for permits.

Rwanda's tourism is centered on the attractions of Volcanoes National Park PNV with its six volcanoes and its protected population of mountain gorillas made famous by Dian Fossey. Additionally, tourism is drawn to central Africa's largest protected wetland Akagera National Park , with its populations of hippopotami , cape buffalo , zebras , elephants , elands , and other big game animals.

Birdwatching -related tourism has a potential to develop as well, especially in Nyungwe National Park , among the largest uncut forest reserves in Africa. Nyungwe National Park is home to over species of birds.

Economy of Rwanda

And a vast variety of wild life as well. Several memorial sites associated with the Rwandan genocide have begun to generate significant tourism. For example, the Gisozi Genocide Memorial Site in the Gasabo District of Kigali—the burial place of approximately , victims of the genocide—has a related genocide exhibition area and library and has plans to develop a teaching center on the history of the genocide. Another major genocide-related memorial center attracting tourists is the Murambi Genocide Memorial Site housed in the former Murambi Technical School where 45, were murdered and skeletons and mummified remains of the victims are on display.

Two other major memorial sites associated with the genocide are in Kicukiro District: Rebero Genocide Memorial Site where 14, victims are buried and the Nyanza-Kicukiro Genocide Memorial Site where 5, victims were killed after Belgian soldiers who serving in the United Nations peacekeeping forces abandoned them. In Kibungo Province , the site of the Nyarubuye Massacre is home to the Nyarubuye Genocide Memorial Site where an estimated 20, victims were killed after seeking refuge in the Roman Catholic church and homes of the nuns and priest there.

The following table shows the main economic indicators in — From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Rwanda Overview

In October , the National Assembly elected Ms. Mukantabam Rose as the first female speaker of the Assembly.

Ministers of Rwanda and Their Educational Background

The next presidential elections are scheduled for August 9, In Rwanda, events of a prior decade are still fresh in the minds of many survivors and perpetrators. The RPF joined the Rwandan government as called for in the agreement. In April , the presidents of Rwanda and Burundi, along with several senior government officials, were killed when their plane was shot down as it approached the capital of Rwanda, Kigali.