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Yakutia (Russian: Яку́тия, yah-KOO-tee-yuh), also known as the Republic of Sakha, is located in the Russian Far East, and is notable for being the largest.
Table of contents
They created a wonderful heroic epic - Olonkho, unique material and spiritual culture. In , Lensky present Yakutsk fortified settlement was founded on the right bank of the Lena River. This date is considered to be the date of Yakutia joining the Russian state. In January , a large group of the Yakuts about 1, people besieged the fort that was defended by about Cossacks, but could not capture it.
But they continued to resist the Russian colonization for a long time or moved to remote areas. In , the Yakutsk region was formed.
Yakutia – the Heart of Siberia
It became the Yakutsk province in , and Yakutsk oblast in In the 18th century, the Christianization of the indigenous population began. Almost from the beginning the s , Yakutia was used by the Russian authorities as a place of exile.
In the 19th century, Yakutia became a place of political exile. Decembrists as well as the participants of the Polish uprising of and others were exiled here. In , the population of Yakutsk oblast was over , people. Almost the same percentage of the regional population were the Yakuts, 9. The Soviet period in the history of Yakutia is associated with large-scale industrial development of its natural resources.
In the s, exploitation of the Northern Sea Route began, Tiksi seaport was constructed in the mouth of the Lena River. In , the population of the region amounted to , people, During the Second World War, more than 63, people were drafted into the Red Army, about 35, people were killed or gone missing. In the s, rich diamond deposits were discovered in the west of Yakutia. A new period in the history of Yakutia began on September 27, , when the declaration of independence of the republic was adopted. In , the republic received a new name - the Republic of Sakha Yakutia.
Yakutia is the largest administrative and territorial region in the world and the largest subject of the Russian Federation. Yakutia is larger than Argentina - the eighth largest country in the world. The territory of the republic stretches for 2, km from north to south and 2, km from west to east.
The distance from Moscow to Yakutsk by roads is about 8, km. The total length of the coastline exceeds 4, km. Yakutia is characterized by the diversity of natural conditions and resources. The Republic of Sakha is often called the land of rivers over , and lakes over , The total length of all the rivers is about 2 million km. The largest navigable rivers are the Lena 4, km , Viluy 2, km , Olenek 2, km , Aldan 2, km , Kolyma 2, km , Indigirka 1, km , Olekma 1, km , Anabar km , and Yana km.
The climate is sharply continental with long winters and short summers.
It is one of the coldest places in the world. The Cold Pole of the Northern Hemisphere is located in Oymyakon, one of the coldest permanently inhabited locales on Earth, in winter the temperature can drop below 65 degrees Celsius. April and October are winter months in Yakutia. Almost the entire territory of the region is located in the permafrost zone. The national composition according to the Census: The largest cities and towns are Yakutsk , Neryungri 57, , Mirny 34, , Lensk 23, , Aldan 20, Yakutsk is the largest city in the world located in the permafrost zone. Today, the Republic of Sakha Yakutia has a developed mining industry extracting gold, diamonds, oil, natural gas, coal, and various metals.
Elkonskoye uranium deposit, the largest in Russia, is located here. Yakutia is also known for its furs and mammoth tusks. The tourism industry is developing rapidly. Agriculture produces milk, meat, vegetables, furs, reindeer. Most of the cargo is transported by waterways.
Yakutia - Wikitravel
In the navigation period, the main waterways are the Lena with its tributaries the Vilyui and Aldan , Yana, Indigirka, and Kolyma. Goods to the northern districts of the republic are delivered by the Northern Sea Route. Due to the low number of roads, air transport is relatively well developed. At first I was taking photos of anything and everything, without any idea behind it. Then, little by little, I was drawn into photography and sought out the work of various photographers, mainly on Instagram.
Yakutsk is a difficult place to document. It means I have to walk around a lot before I capture anything. The typical subjects for me are everyday people. I work as a reporter for a local newspaper for children and teenagers called Youth of the North. So I often photograph children and sometimes write articles. Suddenly, as I was thinking how great it would be to take a portrait there, a boy dressed in national costume walked into view, and I asked to take his portrait. Children in Yakutsk are often quite shy, but he turned out to be a very sweet kid and immediately took up the invitation.
Twins Vlad and Stas were walking me to the administration office, which is located in a separate building. On our way there I took their photo to the backdrop of the teaching block, which reminded me of an haunted mansion. I took several photos with different backgrounds but settled on this one.
Nature and its worship has very special place in the hearts and everyday lives of local people here. Yakutians believe that nature is alive and populated with spirits. Despite the fact that globalisation has reached even this far-flung republic, Yakutians still continue with many traditions and customs.