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Table of contents
- Mental health care for children and adolescents worldwide: a review
- Mental Illness Prevention and Promotion
- EPIDEMIOLOGY AS A BASIS FOR PLANNING OF SERVICES
- Facilitating Pathways: Care, Treatment and Prevention in Child and - Google Книги
These books are unique by virtue of their consistent emphasis on issues that have broad, worldwide significance. The books for the Melbourne , Istanbul , Beijing , Paris and Durban Congresses can be obtained from the publishers at rowman. With the growth of the IACAPAP website and textbook, the monograph has been focused to address congress themes, regional or social issues, new topics, and selective reviews in child and adolescent mental health treatments and other innovations.
Relevant to both developed and developing countries, across different service settings within those countries, and for a wide range of possible clinical presentations and modalities of treatment, the book will prove a highly practical, cutting-edge resource for a variety of health professionals and workers. From Research to Practice in Child and Adolescent Mental Health has been shaped to reflect the mental health needs of children and adolescents in low and middle income countries of the world. It also includes chapters on topics based on research and practice in high income countries which may have lessons and implications universally.
Another shift is also taking place in youth-rich countries: This book is a key source of information for policy and practice that would be useful for professionals in training and leaders when addressing these issues. The book considers the future of the field, including topics such as a hope for a more detailed knowledge of how the brain works, similarities and differences between the female and the male brain, and how the genes interact with the environment when the brain is shaped during fetal life and during the long period of brain maturation in the first 25 years of life.
An excellent book-highly recommended. This book, with many illustrations, describes the history of the association from its foundation and early times highlighting the many people who contributed to the development of IACAPAP, the congresses, publications, teaching activities and much more. Click on the image to download this book. I can thoroughly recommend it to all child and adolescent mental health professionals who wish to broaden their horizons and gain new perspectives on their own practice. It is a fascinating account of the research, the setting up of programs, and the attempts to train workers in cultural areas far outside our usual zones of comfort.
Working with Children and Adolescents: It is well written and well edited….
Mental health care for children and adolescents worldwide: a review
These rights and the standards that all governments should fulfil in implementing them are fully articulated in the United Nations UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. This Convention is universally applicable to children living in all cultures and societies, and has particular relevance to those living in conditions of adversity. Two additional documents have to be mentioned in connection with the convention: All these documents provide comprehensive guidance on the human rights needs of children, adolescents and their families. Children with mental health problems are entitled to profit from the guarantees of the Convention as stated in that paragraph.
However, this is not the case in many parts of the world.
Mental Illness Prevention and Promotion
The magnitude of mental health problems has not yet been recognized sufficiently by many governments and decisionmakers. They include not only welldefined mental disorders, but also the mental health problems of children exploited for labor and sex, orphaned by AIDS, or forced to migrate for economic and political reasons 1. These problems are increasing and are now quantifiable. Percentage of burden of disease in disability-adjusted life years attributable to specific causes by age and sex in the year according to the World Health Organization, 1.
The cost to society of the various mental disorders in children can now be calculated. Leibson et al 8 reported that, over a nine-year period, the median medical costs for children with ADHD were 4, These data suggest that: Epidemiological data are important for the development of public policy and programs to improve mental health in children and adolescents.
Epidemiological research can provide answers to the following questions 9: The answers to these questions can be used as a strong basis for planning and implementation of services. The 6-month prevalence rates of all mental disorders in the general population for boys and girls together are If a measure of severity is taken into account, the most severe disorders vary between 4.
Prevalence of mental disorders in children and adolescents based on population studies in Europe and the United States from 11, These epidemiological data, based on studies in Europe and the United States, can be used for the planning of services in these regions of the world.
They may not be applicable for the planning of services in other parts of the world, because it is important for planners to have locally relevant, culture specific data.
EPIDEMIOLOGY AS A BASIS FOR PLANNING OF SERVICES
A system of care implies that there is a range of services, from the least restrictive community and familybased to the most restrictive hospitalbased. The concept of a "system" does not necessarily dictate a theoretical orientation or the therapies to be utilized. Implementation may also lack uniformity depending on the specific setting. The geographic area covered by a "system" can be as small as a local community or as large as a metropolitan city or a country. In a system, it is assumed that there is some form of facilitated transfer of the patient between the components of the continuum of care.
Ensuring this facilitated flow between components of a system and ensuring good communication are difficult challenges.
Systems of care in Europe are very much connected with the development of child and adolescent psychiatry as a medical specialty. Child and adolescent psychiatry has its roots in the disciplines of neurology, psychiatry, pediatrics and psychology among others. Those working in the field have learned in recent decades that interdisciplinary cooperation is an absolute necessity for scientific and clinical progress. The number of child psychiatrists, as well as other child mental health workers, has dramatically increased over the last decades in nearly all European countries. The situation in the various countries, however, remains very heterogeneous with regard not only to the number of child psychiatrists, but also to the organization of departments and services, and to the research, training and continuing medical education which take place within them.
To the extent that the development of services in Europe can be seen as a model to be emulated in other parts of the world, the following conclusions can be drawn: Types of mental health services for children and adolescents available in most European countries. The program has been introduced in several countries of the European Union and can serve as a global model.
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The program identifies specific requirements and provides guidance on monitoring and quality assurance. According to Grimes 14 , four phases in the development of services for mental disorders in children and adolescents can be distinguished: There are no sufficient data to describe appropriately the existing systems of care in South America. The situation is different from country to country. There are excellent services in some academic centers and newly formed private clinics and hospitals.
Too often nearly no services exist outside urban areas. According to WHO guidelines, at least two child psychiatrists should work full-time for each 60, children.
Facilitating Pathways: Care, Treatment and Prevention in Child and - Google Книги
South America does not meet this standard but, in some cases, this is due to an inadequate distribution of resources. The estimated number of child psychiatrists was 51 in Venezuela in , and 85 in Chile in Hong et al 16 report on systems of care in China, Japan, Korea and the Philippines.
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- Mental health care for children and adolescents worldwide: a review.
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Each of these countries has a special history concerning child mental health and related service development, but there are some common features of the status and development of child psychiatry mental health services in the Asian region: Only in recent years national and international child psychiatry organizations have been established in the Asian region. The vast size of Australia and its large non-urban population requires innovative service development. The main problems of mental health care for children and adolescents include Important research in the field of child mental health has been carried out in Australia, and effective prevention and treatment programs have been implemented.
Basic needs such as nutrition, water and sanitation are the major needs in Africa, where half of the population is represented by children Difficult circumstances are found in many African countries, affecting most of the basic rights of children 19 , such as: Systems of care in Africa are either formal or informal Informal systems include those provided by families and their support network, but also natural healers and faith-based organizations.
Formal systems are provided either by the state or the emerging private sector. There are no reliable data on services in the different countries, except South Africa. A key problem is the provision of education and training programs in child and adolescent mental health not only for doctors and psychologists, but for all other health and mental health workers. All interventions for mental health disorders in children and adolescents should observe at least the following four principles Modern types of intervention for children and adolescents with mental disorders usually comprise several components.
In planning and implementation of treatment, it is crucial to select the appropriate components and to integrate them into a coherent treatment plan.