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Public holidays in Tanzania are in accordance with the Public Holidays Ordinance (Amended) . Retrieved 12 December Jump up ^ "Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania - Tovuti Rasmi ya Rais". Retrieved
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As of , Tanzania had 56 mobile telephone subscribers per inhabitants, a rate slightly above the sub-Saharan average. Water supply and sanitation in Tanzania has been characterised by decreasing access to improved water sources in the s especially in urban areas , steady access to some form of sanitation around 93 percent since the s , intermittent water supplies, and generally low quality of service.

There are significant regional differences, with the best performing utilities being Arusha , Moshi , and Tanga. The government of Tanzania has embarked on a major sector reform process since An ambitious National Water Sector Development Strategy that promotes integrated water resources management and the development of urban and rural water supply was adopted in Decentralisation has meant that responsibility for water and sanitation service provision has shifted to local government authorities and is carried out by 20 urban utilities and about district utilities, as well as by Community Owned Water Supply Organisations in rural areas.

These reforms have been backed by a significant increase of the budget starting in , when the water sector was included among the priority sectors of the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty MKUKUTA. The Tanzanian water sector remains heavily dependent on external donors, with 88 percent of the available funds being provided by external donor organisations.

Tanzania's first "National Science and Technology Policy" was adopted in Tanzania's revised science policy was published in Entitled "National Research and Development Policy", it recognizes the need to improve the process of prioritization of research capacities, develop international co-operation in strategic areas of research and development, and improve planning for human resources. It also makes provisions for the establishment of a National Research Fund.

This policy was, in turn, reviewed in and In , Tanzania devoted 0.

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The global average in was 1. Tanzania had 69 researchers in head counts per million population in In , Tanzania counted 15 publications per million inhabitants in internationally catalogued journals, according to Thomson Reuters' Web of Science Science Citation Index Expanded. The average for sub-Saharan Africa was 20 publications per million inhabitants and the global average publications per million inhabitants.

According to the census, the total population was 44,, The population distribution in Tanzania is uneven. Most people live on the northern border or the eastern coast, with much of the remainder of the country being sparsely populated. Approximately 70 percent of the population is rural, although this percentage has been declining since at least Dodoma population , [] is located in the centre of Tanzania, is the capital of the country, and hosts the National Assembly.

The population consists of about ethnic groups. The population also includes people of Arab and Indian origin, and small European and Chinese communities. Thousands of Arabs and Indians were massacred during the Zanzibar Revolution of An estimated 70, Arabs and 10, Europeans lived in Tanzania. Some albinos in Tanzania have been the victims of violence in recent years. The country has banned witch doctors to try to prevent the practice, but it has continued and albinos remain targets. According to Tanzanian government statistics, the total fertility rate in Tanzania was 5.

Official statistics on religion are unavailable because religious surveys were eliminated from government census reports after Religious leaders and sociologists estimated in that Muslim and Christian communities were approximately equal in size, each accounting for 30 to 40 percent of the population, with the remainder consisting of practitioners of other faiths, indigenous religions , and people of " no religion ".

Nearly the entire population of Zanzibar is Muslim. The Christian population is mostly composed of Roman Catholics and Protestants. Among Protestants, the large number of Lutherans and Moravians points to the German past of the country, while the number of Anglicans point to the British history of Tanganyika. Pentecostals and Adventists are also present because of missionary activity. All of them have had some influence in varying degrees from the Walokole movement East African Revival , which has also been fertile ground for the spread of charismatic and Pentecostal groups.

More than languages are spoken in Tanzania , making it the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa. Bantu , Cushitic , Nilotic , and Khoisan.

Swahili is used in parliamentary debate, in the lower courts, and as a medium of instruction in primary school. English is used in foreign trade, in diplomacy, in higher courts, and as a medium of instruction in secondary and higher education, [21] The Tanzanian government, however, has plans to discontinue English as a language of instruction. Nor are they taught as a subject, though they might be used unofficially illegally in some cases in initial education. Television and radio programmes in an ECL are prohibited, and it is nearly impossible to get permission to publish a newspaper in an ECL.

Arabic is co-official in Zanzibar. The Sandawe people speak a language that may be related to the Khoe languages of Botswana and Namibia, while the language of the Hadzabe people , although it has similar click consonants , is arguably a language isolate. In , the literacy rate in Tanzania for persons aged 15 and over was estimated to be As of [update] , life expectancy at birth was 61 years. Malaria in Tanzania causes death and disease and has a "huge economic impact".

Women and men have equality for the law.

Tanzania's literary culture is primarily oral. Tanzania's written literary tradition is relatively undeveloped. Tanzania does not have a lifelong reading culture, and books are often expensive and hard to come by. Two Tanzanian art styles have achieved international recognition. Historically, there were limited opportunities for formal European art training in Tanzania and many aspiring Tanzanian artists left the country to pursue their vocation.

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Football is very popular throughout the country. Other popular sports include basketball , netball , boxing, volleyball , athletics , and rugby. Tanzania has a popular film industry known as Bongo Movie. This article incorporates text from a free content work. To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see Wikipedia: Adding open license text to Wikipedia. For information on reusing text from Wikipedia , please see the terms of use.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. History of Tanzania and History of Zanzibar. Geography of Tanzania and Zanzibar Archipelago. An elephant passing by the snow-capped Mt. Ngorongoro Crater , the world's largest inactive and intact volcanic caldera. This paragraph needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Prime Minister Kassim Majaliwa. Chief Justice of Tanzania. Foreign relations of Tanzania. Tanzania People's Defence Force.

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Economy of Tanzania and Poverty in Tanzania. Energy in Tanzania , Water supply and sanitation in Tanzania , and Natural resource and waste management in Tanzania. List of companies of Tanzania. Songo Songo Gas Plant. Air Tanzania is the flag carrier. Water supply and sanitation in Tanzania.

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Science and technology in Tanzania. Religion in Tanzania Christianity. Azania Front Lutheran Church built by German missionaries in Gaddafi Mosque in the capital Dodoma is the second largest mosque in East Africa. Religion in Tanzania and Islam in Zanzibar. Africa portal Tanzania portal. Retrieved 23 May Permanent Representative of Tanzania to the United Nations. Archived from the original on 19 February Retrieved 31 January Retrieved 10 September Retrieved 14 October United Nations Development Programme.

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Archived from the original PDF on 24 March Archived from the original PDF on 27 December Retrieved 9 April Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 12 August Archived from the original PDF on 8 February Retrieved 12 December Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Somaliland. Retrieved from " https: Lists of public holidays by country Tanzanian culture Tanzanian society Tanzania-related lists Events in Tanzania. Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 9 March , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Part of a series on the.

Cuisine Main Cuisine Zanzibari cuisine.

Music and performing arts Music. Symbols Flag Coat of arms. Marking the end of the Sultanate of Zanzibar. Commemoration of the assassination of Zanzibari President Abeid Karume. The unification of Tanganyika and the People's Republic of Zanzibar in