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Sharks are a group of elasmobranch fish characterized by a cartilaginous skeleton, five to seven gill slits on the sides of the head, and pectoral fins that are not.
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Originally the phrase was used to describe an episode of a television comedy with a gimmick or unlikely occurrence desperately attempting to keep viewers' interest.

Moments labeled as "jumping the shark" are considered indications that writers have exhausted their focus; that the show has strayed irretrievably from an older and better formula; or that the series as a whole is declining in quality. Popularized by radio personality Jon Hein in the s and early s, the phrase derives from a scene in a Season 5 episode of the sitcom Happy Days in which the character Fonzie jumps over a shark while on water-skis.

Jump the Shark | Tv-and-radio | The Guardian

The usage of "jump the shark" has subsequently broadened beyond television, indicating the moment when a brand, design, franchise, or creative effort's evolution declines, or when it changes notably in style into something unwelcome. The phrase jump the shark is based on a scene in the fifth season premiere episode of the American TV series Happy Days titled " Hollywood: Part 3 ," written by Fred Fox, Jr. In the episode, the central characters visit Los Angeles, where a water-skiing Fonzie Henry Winkler answers a challenge to his bravery by wearing swim trunks and his trademark leather jacket, and jumping over a confined shark.

The stunt was created as a way to showcase Winkler's real-life water ski skills. For a show that in its early seasons depicted universally relatable adolescent and family experiences against a backdrop of s nostalgia, this incident marked a tonal change.

The lionization of an increasingly superhuman Fonzie, who was initially a supporting character in the series, became the focus of Happy Days. The series continued for seven years after Fonzie's shark-jumping stunt, with a number of changes in cast and situations. The phrase "jumping the shark" was coined in by Jon Hein 's roommate at the University of Michigan, Sean Connolly, when they were talking about favorite television shows that had gone downhill, and the two began identifying other shows where a similar "jump the shark" moment had occurred.

All successful shows eventually start to decline, but this was not Happy Days ' time.

'Baby Shark' Enjoys Big Bite of Media Success

Fonzie was not the first fictional character to jump a shark on water skis. Since 'The Guardian' newspaper in the UK has published a humorous weekly column in its Saturday listings guide featuring TV programmes that - in the opinion of its journalists - have 'jumped the shark'. The idiom has been used to describe a wide variety of situations, such as the state of advertising in the digital video recorder era [13] and views on rural education policy, [14] the anomalous pursuit of a company acquisition, [15] and the decline of republics into degraded democracy and empire.

Automotive journalist Dan Neil used the expression to describe the Mini Countryman , a much larger evolution of the previously small cars marketed by Mini.

Spearfisher frees himself from jaws of 2m mako shark

Neil said the bigger car abandoned the company's design ethos and that "with the Countryman, tiny sharks have been jumped". Only GM could have such utterly outsized hubris to think it could get away with dressing up a Cavalier and pawning it off as a BMW -fighter, without even touching the engine, among other sins. In September , after Republican presidential candidate Michele Bachmann repeated an anecdote shared with her claiming that the HPV vaccine causes " intellectual disability ", radio commentator Rush Limbaugh said, "Michele Bachmann, she might have blown it today.

Well, not blown it — she might have jumped the shark today. In August , the City Manager of Black Rock City, Nevada described Burning Man , an annual event at nearby Black Rock Desert , as having "jumped the shark", when the event — which had been previously noted for core values of radical self-expression and self-reliance — featured incongruously posh VIP lounges, cell phone towers, private jets, and " glamping ".

In January , journalist Keith Olbermann criticized the inclusion of eSports players on the sports journalism website The Players' Tribune , saying that they "have jumped the shark by publishing pieces by snotty random kids playing children's games" in response to an article by Doublelift , a League of Legends player.

In , Time magazine identified a term modeled after "jump the shark": The phrase derives from a scene in the fourth Indiana Jones film, Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull ," in which Indiana Jones survives an atomic bomb detonation by fitting himself into a lead-lined refrigerator. The explosion annihilates its surroundings but sends the refrigerator flying sufficiently distant for the protagonist to escape unhurt. Flatlining after eight seasons of medical japes, the sitcom was rebooted for a med-school spin-off that should have been left for dead.


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