Manual How To Teach English As A Second Language-Phonics

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"Hi - I am a middle school English Language Learner teacher in Las Vegas, Nevada. I am using your phonics book in my four reading classes. The classes are.
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You would then play this like bingo and read out the sounds one by one. The students can get bingo when they have three of their sounds chosen or all of their sounds chosen.

Teaching Phonics

It is a good idea to go over all of the sounds written on the board beforehand to help ease comprehension. Criss-cross Phonics All the students stand up. To begin, show a word or a picture. The first student to raise their hand gets called upon and if they can correctly say the first or last sound of that word they can sit down and choose if the people in their row, horizontally or vertically, can also sit down. When you no longer have rows to choose from, only individual students would sit. Missing Sound Draw or show an image on the blackboard. Beside the image, write all but one of the sounds.

This can be made into a group contest or a simple whole-class exercise where you would give the class time to think of the answer and get everyone to say the answer at the same time. Two Sounds Good to practice sound distinction.

Have two words on the board representing the two different sounds you would like to practice, e. You would then show the students pictures and get them to put those words under the appropriate column. You would, however, have to give numbers before every word to help everybody keep track of choices. You would focus on a specific sound and read out words containing that sound. The students would have to decide if that sound was found in the beginning, middle or end of the word by writing the sound in that appropriate column.

One more step

This is a good listening activity with some implications for positive phonics reinforcement. Ball and Cap Game The students pass around a hat and a ball. When the music stops, the student with the hat must take out a piece of paper with a letter or letters written on it then read out its sound, not the letter name. The student with the ball must guess the letter s.

Pen and Eraser Students have a pen and an eraser in front of them. You have two sounds you would like to practice, e. When you say a word beginning with one of those sounds, the students should pick up the appropriate object for upper levels, the sound can be in any part of the word not just the beginning.

ABC Song with Alphabet Sounds - Easy ESL Games

If you say a word not incorporating one of the sounds, the students should make a big X with their arms. This can evolve into a pair contest with one pen and one eraser for every two students. This can be done through pictures on the IWB and flashcard games. The next step will be to draw pictures, such as a snake or a sun on the board with the word next to it, again leaving the first letter blank so the kids can fill it in, as you elicit the proper sound.

Once they know the sound and can recognize it, you can move on to blending and segmenting. I usually run hopscotch activities with flashcards in order to get the students saying each individual sound. The next part of the activity would be for the teacher to say each sound and have the students say the final word. I will also place a hoop at the end of the hopscotch and have the students say the final word after saying each individual sound within the word.


Different types of activities can be run using this methodology. For the majority of the class, students practice saying the phoneme, first on its own, then blended together with other phonemes. They practice looking at each letter, saying the appropriate sound correctly, until they can form words with different individual sounds. The final part of the class is where they practice writing, first tracing the letter in its upper and lower case form, then within greater words. As the lessons continue, students will eventually develop all the skills needed to read and write in English effectively.

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Teaching Phonics to ESL Students - Video & Lesson Transcript |

Thank you for sharing these practical steps of teaching phonics. How do you decide which sounds you go first?

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There is, believe it or not, a proper order in which to teach the sounds. Jolly Phonics is the program that my EF school used.

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You can read more about it using this link. Hey Gillian Campbell thanks you so much for sharing such a informative article.

Phonics is sometimes a controversial subject among ESL teachers.

Even I am teaching phonics to my students and even they are getting fast. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Job Board Hundreds of teaching jobs in China, fully screened, updated daily. Subscribe to weekly articles on living and teaching abroad.